Mountain Research and Development (MRD) (ISSN 0276-4741, online ISSN 1994-7151) is published by the International Mountain Society (IMS), c/o Centre for Development and Environment, University of Bern, Hallerstrasse 10, 3012 Bern, Switzerland.
Institutional Members of the International Mountain Society (IMS)
SDC, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Bern
ICIMOD, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu
FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome
CONDESAN, Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion, Lima
CDE, Centre for Development and Environment, Bern
MRI, Mountain Research Initiative, Bern
UCA/MSRI, Mountain Societies Research Institute, University of Central Asia, Bishkek
ICAS, Interacademic Commission for Alpine Studies, Bern
CMS, Centre for Mountain Studies, Perth College, University of the Highlands and Islands, Perth, Scotland
DIG, Department of Integrative Geography, Institute of Geography, University of Bern, Bern
IMHE, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China
MRD collaborates with Mountain Forum (MF) and The Mountain Partnership (MP) to further the cause of mountains on the international development and research agendas.
Hans Hurni, Editor-in-Chief
David Molden, Editor-in-Chief
Susanne Wymann von Dach, Associate Editor
Anne Zimmermann, Associate Editor
Marlène Thibault, Assistant Editor
Debby Mosher, Production Editor
Martin Price, Book Review Editor
Jack D. Ives (Canada)
Bruno Messerli (Switzerland)
Lawrence S. Hamilton (USA)
D. Jane Pratt† (USA)
Yuri P. Badenkov (Russia)
International Editorial Board
Tena Alamirew (Ethiopia), Ruchi Badola (India), Jill S. Baron (USA), Astrid Björnsen Gurung (Switzerland), Bernard Debarbieux (Switzerland), Yayoi Fujita Lagerqvist (Australia), José M. García-Ruiz (Spain), Georg Gratzer (Austria), Thomas Hofer (Italy), Jacek Kozak (Poland), Hermann Kreutzmann (Germany), James P. Lassoie (USA), Peter Messerli (Switzerland), Elizabeth Migongo-Bake (Kenya), Joanne Millar (Australia), Marcus Nüsser (Germany), Stefano Pagiola (USA), Lina Sarmiento (Venezuela), Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt (Kyrgyz Republic), Hans Schreier (Canada), Eklabya Sharma (Nepal), Surendra Pratap Singh (India), Thomas Streifeneder (Italy), Alejandro Velázquez (Mexico), Rolf Weingartner (Switzerland), Jianchu Xu (China).
Representatives of IMS Institutional Members
André Wehrli (SDC, Switzerland); Eklabya Sharma (ICIMOD, Nepal); Thomas Hofer (FAO, Italy); Miguel Saravia (CONDESAN, Peru); Thomas Kohler (CDE, Switzerland); Gregory B. Greenwood (MRI, Switzerland); Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt (UCA/MSRI, Kyrgyz Republic); Thomas Scheurer (ICAS, Switzerland); Martin Price (CMS, Scotland, UK); Urs Wiesmann (DIG, Switzerland); Yanhong Wu (IMHE, China).
Mountain Research and Development is published quarterly by the International Mountain Society and is freely available online and open access in collaboration with BioOne ( http://www.bioone.org/loi/mred).
The journal is subject to the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0). Ownership of the copyright to articles is retained by the authors, but anyone may download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy articles in MRD provided that the original authors and source are cited. Permission for commercial use must be obtained from the author. For any reuse or redistribution of a work, the license terms under which the work was published must be made clear.
The MRD Editorial Office supplies print-ready PDF files of individual articles or entire issues including covers for de-localized printing to Institutional Members of the IMS upon request. Authors and readers may produce their own printouts from the downloadable PDFs available at http://www.bioone.org/toc/mred/current, or contact EZReprint@odysseypress.com for professional reprints of articles.
MRD is indexed in the Science Citation Index, Current Contents/ Agriculture, Biology and Environmental Sciences, Web of Science, BIOSIS Previews, Geo Abstracts, C.A.B. International Series Checklist, AGRICOLA databases, Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts (MGA), CABS (Current Awareness in Biological Sciences), and others. MRD is also listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ProQuest, EBSCO, and Gale/Cengage Learning.
Please address correspondence to:
MRD Editorial Office
Centre for Development and Environment
University of Bern
3012 Bern, Switzerland
Please note that all papers must be submitted online.
Please send material for “MountainMedia” to:
Director, Centre for Mountain Studies
Perth College, University of the Highlands and Islands,
Crieff Road, Perth PH1 2NX, UK
Fax +44(0)1738-877 018
MRD is published online and open access in collaboration with BioOne. All back issues of MRD from 2000 onwards are available online and free of charge through BioOne; previous issues (1981–2000) are available online through JSTOR ( www.jstor.org) and single articles may be purchased there.
For single hardcopy issue sales from Volume 20 through Volume 28, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
© Copyright (2015) by the International Mountain Society (IMS) for the journal
© 2015 by the authors for the individual articles