1 March 2005 Brooding Behavior in an Adult Male American Redstart
Peter J. Kappes, Bridget J. M. Stutchbury
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We describe the first observation of a male American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla L.) brooding nestlings. Although this behavior has been documented in other North American members of the Family Parulidae, this is the first case in American Redstarts.

Peter J. Kappes and Bridget J. M. Stutchbury "Brooding Behavior in an Adult Male American Redstart," Northeastern Naturalist 12(1), 119-121, (1 March 2005). https://doi.org/10.1656/1092-6194(2005)012[0119:BBIAAM]2.0.CO;2
Published: 1 March 2005
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