Faunal remains from the Cole Gravel Pit archaeological site in Livingston County, NY, have been identified as Glyptemys (Clemmys) muhlenbergii (Bog Turtle). This is believed to be only the second prehistoric Holocene record of this species. Two Pleistocene records of Bog Turtle have also been previously reported. Based on archaeological remains, the human occupation of the Cole Gravel Pit site dates to approximately 3900 years B.P. and is associated with the Late Archaic Period. Cole Gravel Pit is in the general area of western New York state considered to be within the historic distribution of Bog Turtle, but modern live specimens of this species have not been discovered within Livingston County.
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