How to translate text using browser tools
1 September 2014 Apparent Survival of Woodpeckers and Nuthatches in Wisconsin
Jenna A. Cava, Jason D. Riddle, Richard P. Thiel
Author Affiliations +

Few annual survival and capture-probability estimates exist for sittid and picid species common in North America. We used a mark—recapture study and robust design analysis in Program MARK to estimate annual survival rates based on a sample of 51 Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch), 12 Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker), and 15 Picoides villosus (Hairy Woodpecker) wintering in central Wisconsin, 2006–2013. Apparent survival probability was similar between the two woodpecker species (Downy Woodpecker: p = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.34–0.68; Hairy Woodpecker: p = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.36– 0.68). Apparent annual survival modeled as constant across time was low for both sexes of White-breasted Nuthatch (0.25 [CI = 0.12–0.44] and 0.28 [CI = 0.14–0.49] for males and females, respectively), but there was some evidence for annual variation in survival. All three species showed evidence for a trap-happy response in which recapture probability was higher than original capture probability, but it was stronger in the White-breasted Nuthatches than the two woodpecker species. There is little evidence of temporary emigration for any of the woodpecker taxa we studied. Our results provide baseline demographic data for these species in Wisconsin and will be useful in planning future trapping studies.

Jenna A. Cava, Jason D. Riddle, and Richard P. Thiel "Apparent Survival of Woodpeckers and Nuthatches in Wisconsin," Northeastern Naturalist 21(3), 495-505, (1 September 2014).
Published: 1 September 2014
Get copyright permission
Back to Top