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1 June 2016 A Comparison of Three Macroinvertebrate Sampling Devices for Use in Conducting Rapid-Assessment Procedures of Delmarva Peninsula Wetlands
T. Peter Lowe, Kerry Tebbs, Donald W. Sparling
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Abstract

Three types of macroinvertebrate collecting devices, Gerking box traps, D-shaped sweep nets, and activity traps, have commonly been used to sample macroinvertebrates when conducting rapid biological assessments of North American wetlands. We compared collections of macroinvertebrates identified to the family level made with these devices in 6 constructed and 2 natural wetlands on the Delmarva Peninsula of Maryland. We also assessed their potential efficacy in comparisons among wetlands using several proportional and richness attributes. Differences in median diversity among samples from the 3 devices were significant; the sweep-net samples had the greatest diversity and the activity-trap samples had the least diversity. Differences in median abundance were not significant between the Gerking box-trap samples and sweep-net samples, but median abundance among activity-trap samples was significantly lower than among samples of the other 2 devices. Within samples, the proportions of median diversity composed of major class and order groupings were similar among the 3 devices. However the proportions of median abundance composed of the major class and order groupings within activity-trap samples were not similar to those of the other 2 devices. There was a slight but significant increase in the total number of families captured when we combined activity-trap samples with Gerking box-trap samples or with sweep-net samples, and the per-sample median numbers of families of the combined activity-trap and sweep-net samples was significantly higher than that of the combined activity-trap and Gerking box-trap samples. We detected significant differences among wetlands for 4 macroinvertebrate attributes with the Gerking box-trap data, 6 attributes with sweep-net data, and 5 attributes with the activity-trap data. A small, but significant increase in the number of attributes showing differences among wetlands occurred when we combined activity-trap samples with those of the Gerking boxtrap or sweep net.

T. Peter Lowe, Kerry Tebbs, and Donald W. Sparling "A Comparison of Three Macroinvertebrate Sampling Devices for Use in Conducting Rapid-Assessment Procedures of Delmarva Peninsula Wetlands," Northeastern Naturalist 23(2), 321-338, (1 June 2016). https://doi.org/10.1656/045.023.0209
Published: 1 June 2016
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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