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15 November 2019 A Comparison of Zooplankton Diel Vertical Distribution during Transparent and Turbid Conditions in a Natural Southern Appalachian Montane Lake
Sandra L. Cooke
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Abstract

According to the transparency-regulator hypothesis (TRH), water transparency is the main driver of zooplankton diel vertical migration (DVM) because it influences ultraviolet radiation (UV) exposure and visual predation, which vary greatly over a diel period. I tested the TRH by examining zooplankton DVM and Secchi depth over 2 summers in Mountain Lake, VA, a unique natural lake where transparency and water level fluctuate substantially. Daytime mean depth and Secchi depth were positively correlated for Daphnia parvula, but this was not the case for other taxa. Zooplankton exhibited diurnal deficits (DDs; higher night densities compared to day), indicating that DVM does not account for all diel movement. DDs are sometimes attributed to light-mediated sampler avoidance or diel horizontal migration (DHM), but DDs did not increase with Secchi depth and DDs in littoral zones do not indicate DHM. Overall, these results suggest that factors other than transparency—perhaps predator densities—more strongly influence DVM in Mountain Lake.

Sandra L. Cooke "A Comparison of Zooplankton Diel Vertical Distribution during Transparent and Turbid Conditions in a Natural Southern Appalachian Montane Lake," Northeastern Naturalist 26(4), 785-806, (15 November 2019). https://doi.org/10.1656/045.026.0409
Published: 15 November 2019
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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