We compared ground beetle (Carabidae) assemblages between spotted knapweed (Centaurea maculosa Lam.) -invaded (invaded) and un-invaded (native) habitats in Rocky Mountain savannas. Carabids play important roles in biotic communities and are known as a good indictor group of environmental change. Carabid species activity-abundance and diversity were estimated, and environmental measurements were taken at four transects at each of six study sites in 1999 and 2000. Data on carabid trap captures were analyzed at both the species and functional group level. We found that species belonging to specialist predator and omnivore functional groups were more abundant on transects at invaded sites, whereas generalist predator species were more abundant within native sites. Carabid species richness was similar between invaded and native sites; however, evenness was greater at invaded compared to native sites. Greater species evenness in invaded versus native sites was primarily due to an increase in activity-abundance of species in the omnivore and specialist predator functional groups and a decrease in activity-abundance of dominant species belonging to the generalist predator functional group. Our results suggest that spotted knapweed invasion results in an alteration of carabid community structure and leads to the homogenization of carabid assemblages in Rocky Mountain savannas. Biotic homogenization, the increase in taxonomic similarity of once-diverse communities, is often a direct outcome of exotic invasions and an important concern currently facing biodiversity conservation.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.