A new species of Malaxis Solander ex Swartz (Orchidaceae, Epidendroideae, Malaxideae), M. medinae Carnevali & Noguera Savelli, from Trujillo State in Andean Venezuela is proposed herein. The new taxon is related to the widespread M. soulei L. O. Williams, a species found from the southwestern United States southward into Panama. The plants, however, are smaller (to only 12.7 cm) and have proportionally longer peduncles (to 4.5 cm) that bear fewer flowers (12 to 25 per spike) with a much more triangular labellum with parallel apical teeth (vs. convergent in M. soulei).
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Vol. 18 • No. 4