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1 October 2013 Book Reviews
R. Todd Engstrom, James A. Kushlan
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The following critiques express the opinions of the individual evaluators regarding the strengths, weaknesses, and value of the books they review. As such, the appraisals are subjective assessments and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors or any official policy of the American Ornithologists' Union.


Ornithologists have two required pilgrimages: the Galápagos and the Antarctic. Of the two, the Antarctic has been a bit harder to get to, until recently. A few, having caught the Antarctic disease, make a career of it. Some are clever enough to figure out how to get there on a funded research project with all the right permissions and logistical support. The rest have to go in company of other tourists. These are taken to the notable sites, guided by knowledgeable naturalists and historians. Even for rugged field ornithologists, there is no shame in this; it is the way it is. Whatever the method of getting there, whomever the company, the experience will be indisputably satisfying, both professionally and personally.

Princeton University Press seems to have an acquisitions editor enthralled with the Antarctic, as the Press has scoured the lists of its partners to offer a collection of Antarctic guides, all aimed at the visitor. Burton and Croxall's wildlife guide is the latest on the list. This book is a backpack-sized field guide for South Georgia. Why South Georgia? Although Antarctica is certainly the ultimate destination, with all due respect to the southern continent, it is sub-Antarctic South Georgia that is really the star of the Southern Ocean show. The bird experiences of South Georgia and nearby waters are what a trip to the Antarctic Convergence is all about. This guide covers succinctly the physical, climatic, historical, and conservation perspectives and then goes on to species accounts, each providing short but appropriate information on identification, distribution, and conservation. And who knows more of this than John Croxall? Species are illustrated by photographs, which, given how close a camera lens can come to the subjects, are uniformly informative. Where useful, identification notes are keyed to the photos. In addition to the birds, the book covers mammals, some invertebrates, and plants, all in sufficient detail to allow the visitor to confirm identifications and put them in context.

A distinct value of the field guide is its compactness. With compactness, necessarily, comes brevity, and a small taste of information does whet the appetite for more. Poncet and Crosbie's Visitor's Guide offers a good background for South Georgia wildlife observation, providing both general information and descriptions of the common landing sites. Its spiral-bound format, a bit strange at first, actually is quite handy; and it packs a lot of information, all usefully supplemental to the wildlife guide. Between the two guides, one can pretty well skip the evening naturalist's talks.

Getting to Antarctica itself is where Lowen's wildlife guide picks up. It has some good advice on cruising, very worthwhile to read because the wrong choice of ship can be very disappointing (for example, not actually being able to set foot on Antarctica). The book is organized around the three major passages, the Beagle Channel coming out of South America, the Drake Passage (which may or may not be a time when books can be looked at), and the Antarctic Peninsula, essentially the only Antarctic destination for cruisers. This organization focuses the mind on the subset of wildlife that is probable to be seen, although it seems to go too far in organizing the species accounts the same way, as some species are to be seen in more than one of these zones. The illustrations are mostly photographs collected into plates and do just fine. The fact is, some of these birds are hard to tell apart.

Most traveling biologists want to know more than what a bird is. How to have this easily in hand is something of a challenge. Internet is available on most ships (for a steep price); that's a help. The chance of lugging Marchant and Higgins's multivolume classic Handbook of Australian, New Zealand & Antarctic Birds (HANZAB; 1990–2006, Oxford University Press) in the weight-restricted luggage seems slim indeed. However, there is a compromise between Burton and Croxall and HANZAB: Hadoram Shirihai's Complete Guide. Regretfully allowed to go out of print at the moment, it still is obtainable and should be a required companion for any ornithologist on an Antarctic and sub-Antarctic voyage. Making the information of HANZAB accessible while seriously updating the now 20-year-old seabird volumes, the Complete Guide is exactly that, both a guide and complete. The author provides impeccable identification descriptions with supplementary materials on distribution, biology, conservation, and taxonomy. The introductory chapters, providing an ecological synopsis, are thoroughly satisfying. Of superior value are the later chapters covering various regions, most of which are tour destinations. Geology, conservation, human history, birds, mammals, and how to visit are all covered and are of tremendous value—especially so the lists of bird species expected in each region. All of this has the ring of intimate familiarity on the part of the author, who clearly is both a keen observer and a thorough scholar. The book is intensely illustrated with over 900 color photos, all informative and many amazing. The copyright owners need to get this indispensable book back in print as soon as possible. The market is not insignificant.

For ornithologists, the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic are about the incredible, amazingly adapted, awe-inspiring birds and their conservation. The two long-recognized species of great albatrosses now appear to be seven species, more or less, each breeding-range restricted. Areas important to the pelagic conservation of Antarctic seabirds are now identifiable (see  54.247.127.44/marineIBAs/default.html), much of this progress owing to the generous collaborative spirit of Antarctic ornithologists such as Shirihai and the inspired leadership of Croxall. Fortunately, as ornithologists make their pilgrimages, they can have excellent book companions to pack with the field glasses, camera, and Dramamine.

©2013 by The American Ornithologists' Union. All rights reserved. Please direct all requests for permission to photocopy or reproduce article content through the University of California Press's Rights and Permissions website, http://www.ucpressjournals.com/reprintInfo.asp.
R. Todd Engstrom and James A. Kushlan "Book Reviews," The Auk 130(4), 814-815, (1 October 2013). https://doi.org/10.1525/auk.2013.130.4.814
Published: 1 October 2013
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