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1 February 2015 Effects of Age, Length, and Pattern of Burial on Survival of Mikania micrantha Stem Sections
Apaitia R. Macanawai, Michael D. Day, Stephen W. Adkins
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For many landholders in the South Pacific, weed control of Mikania micrantha Kunth is conducted by manual or mechanical means, leaving fragments on or below the ground to reshoot and grow. Effects of age, length (number of nodes), and pattern of burial on the survival of stem sections of M. micrantha were examined in the field in Viti Levu, Fiji. The experiment was arranged in a randomized factorial design, with number of nodes, age of stem sections, and pattern (depth and orientation) of stem burial as factors. Stem sections with two or three nodes had significantly greater survival (30% and 25%, respectively) than those with one node (12%). Mature stem sections had a significantly greater survival rate (31%) than young stem sections (13%) when buried in either the horizontal or the vertical position. Vertical plantings had significantly greater survival (43%) than horizontal plantings (10%), and for both orientations survival decreased with depth of burial. Only 8% of stem sections survived when cut into smaller (3 to 5 cm) sections and buried at a depth of 10 cm. This study revealed that cutting the M. micrantha stems into smaller sections (<3 cm) and burying them at depths of 10 cm or greater would improve the overall management of M. micrantha in crop and noncrop systems.

© 2015 by University of Hawai‘i Press All rights reserved
Apaitia R. Macanawai, Michael D. Day, and Stephen W. Adkins "Effects of Age, Length, and Pattern of Burial on Survival of Mikania micrantha Stem Sections," Pacific Science 69(1), 95-102, (1 February 2015).
Accepted: 1 May 2014; Published: 1 February 2015
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