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1 October 2015 Has the Small Indian Mongoose Become Established on Kaua‘i Island, Hawai‘i?1
David C. Duffy, Daniela Dutra Elliott, Georgia M. Hart, Keren Gundersen, Joseph Aguon-Kona, Randy Bartlett, Jean Fujikawa, Patrick Gmelin, Cleve Javier, Larry Kaneholani, Tiffani Keanini, Joseph Kona, Julia Parish, Jay F. Penniman, Aaron Works
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Abstract

The island of Kaua‘i, Hawai‘i has several remaining populations of endangered, endemic Hawaiian petrels (Pterodroma sandwichensis) and Newell's shearwaters (Puffinus newelli) that would be threatened by the presence of predatory mongooses (Herpestes javanicus). Despite over 200 putative sightings, 1 road-kill and 2 recent captures, it is not clear if mongooses have actually become established on Kaua‘i. Comparing road transects on three Hawaiian islands, we found mongooses present on O‘ahu and Maui where they are known to occur and no evidence of significant populations on Kaua‘i. Three population scenarios are presented that would account for the three specimens, the past sightings, and the absence of sightings on our transects on Kaua‘i.

© 2015 by University of Hawai‘i Press All rights reserved
David C. Duffy, Daniela Dutra Elliott, Georgia M. Hart, Keren Gundersen, Joseph Aguon-Kona, Randy Bartlett, Jean Fujikawa, Patrick Gmelin, Cleve Javier, Larry Kaneholani, Tiffani Keanini, Joseph Kona, Julia Parish, Jay F. Penniman, and Aaron Works "Has the Small Indian Mongoose Become Established on Kaua‘i Island, Hawai‘i?1," Pacific Science 69(4), 559-565, (1 October 2015). https://doi.org/10.2984/69.4.9
Accepted: 1 June 2015; Published: 1 October 2015
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