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25 January 2023 Landscape Configuration Influences ‘Ōma‘o (Myadestes obscurus) Song Diversity
Nicole M. Fernandez, Kristina L. Paxton, Eben H. Paxton, Adam A. Pack, Patrick J. Hart
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Abstract

Acoustic communication in the form of songs is a learned behavior in oscine that can be passed down from one generation to the next through cultural transmission. Over time songs can change when populations become isolated from one another, creating dialects that are distinct to a population. Habitat fragmentation is an isolating mechanism that can influence differences in songs between populations when there is little to no connectivity between fragments and fragment size can influence diversity of song traits. We characterized and analyzed songs of the ‘ōma‘o (Myadestes obscurus) in a naturally fragmented forest to determine how landscape variables influenced song differences between populations. We chose five fragments of different sizes and isolation to record songs of the ‘ōma‘o. We performed a correlation test to evaluate whether there was a relationship between fragment size and total syllables, and between unique syllables and degree of isolation. We also conducted a Mantel test to determine if geographic distance had an influence on song similarity. Our results indicated that songs from larger fragments tended to have higher syllable diversity, but neither connectivity nor distance was related to the number of unique or shared syllables found within a fragment, respectively. Overall, the results indicated that ‘ōma‘o songs are highly variable at the individual level and that there may be little to no syllable sharing within and among populations.

© 2022 by University of Hawai‘i Press. All rights reserved.
Nicole M. Fernandez, Kristina L. Paxton, Eben H. Paxton, Adam A. Pack, and Patrick J. Hart "Landscape Configuration Influences ‘Ōma‘o (Myadestes obscurus) Song Diversity," Pacific Science 76(3), 325-335, (25 January 2023). https://doi.org/10.2984/76.3.6
Accepted: 18 July 2022; Published: 25 January 2023
KEYWORDS
‘ōma‘o
Hawaiian thrush
island biogeography
song diversity
song invention
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