How to translate text using browser tools
26 April 2023 Population Size and Habitat Occupancy by the Endangered Mariana Crow
Robert J. Craig
Author Affiliations +

I present data on the Mariana Crow for an extensive but previously unavailable set of population and habitat surveys from 1992 to 1993. From these, I (1) compute a series of population estimates from that period during which Mariana Crow numbers were first entering a precipitous decline, (2) quantitatively assess the habitats occupied by individual birds and thereby provide a view of the range of habitats occupied during a time when the species was still widespread, and (3) provide the first direct wet-dry season comparisons of populations and habitat occupancy. Surveys yielded significantly different wet (943) and dry season (459) population estimates, which suggested wet season courtship activity preceding dry season nesting when birds became more secretive. Moreover, they indicated that the critical turning point in population decline was after 1995. Forest was the principal habitat type occupied during both wet and dry seasons, with savanna present less than half as often as forest, although birds occupied a range of additional habitats. The species was more versatile in habitat use than is often assumed, as rates of habitat occupancy and availability were similar. Versatility is an advantage for populations confined to small islands that periodically suffer catastrophic habitat damage due to typhoons.

Robert J. Craig "Population Size and Habitat Occupancy by the Endangered Mariana Crow," Pacific Science 76(4), 349-359, (26 April 2023).
Accepted: 28 November 2022; Published: 26 April 2023
habitat use
Mariana Islands
Get copyright permission
Back to Top