A new species of Nyanzachoerus (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Suidae, Tetraconodontinae), Nyanzachoerus nakaliensis, is described on the basis of gnathodental specimens from the basal upper Miocene Nakali Formation (ca. 10 Ma) of central Kenya. Ny. nakaliensis is characterized by a lower crown height and relatively weaker furrows of the molars and proportionally larger P3–P4 compared to M3 among the species of the genus. It is the oldest and morphologically most primitive species of the genus. It shows close morphological similarities of the dentition with the Pliocene Asian tetraconodontine genus Sivachoerus, implying a possible closer phyletic relationship of Sivachoerus prior with Ny. nakaliensis rather than with Nyanzachoerus tulotos or Nyanzachoerus devauxi. This phyletic relationship implies a possibility that S. prior diverged from a stock of Ny. nakaliensis during the early late Miocene (Tortonian) in East Africa and then the lineage moved from East Africa to Asia. Finally, it should be stressed that there seems to be a problem of the paraphyly of the genus Nyanzachoerus.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 24 • No. 1