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5 October 2020 Age of the Early Triassic Ichthyopterygian Thaisaurus Inferred from Ammonoid Biostratigraphy
Kittichai Tongtherm, Yasunari Shigeta, Apsorn Sardsud, Katsuo Sashida, Sachiko Agematsu
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Abstract

The age of the primitive ichthyopterygian Thaisaurus is more accurately defined due to the discovery of a new species of the ammonoid genus Marcouxia from beds about 2.4 m below the horizon from which the holotype of Thaisaurus chonglakmanii was collected in the Phukhaothong Dolomite Member of the Chaiburi Formation in the Phatthalung area, southern Thailand. The shell of Marcouxia chaiburiensis sp. nov. is characterized by a quadrate whorl section, an arched venter with a sub-acute keel-like elevation, and spiny tubercles on the ventrolateral shoulders as well as numerous regularly spaced, radial or slightly prorsiradiate ribs. Because the range of Marcouxia is limited to the Columbites parisianus Subzone of the lower Spathian (upper Olenekian, Lower Triassic) in the western USA, the age of Thaisaurus is likely constrained to the early Spathian, thus suggesting it is one of the oldest known ichthyopterygians.

© by the Palaeontological Society of Japan
Kittichai Tongtherm, Yasunari Shigeta, Apsorn Sardsud, Katsuo Sashida, and Sachiko Agematsu "Age of the Early Triassic Ichthyopterygian Thaisaurus Inferred from Ammonoid Biostratigraphy," Paleontological Research 24(4), 276-284, (5 October 2020). https://doi.org/10.2517/2019PR022
Received: 24 June 2019; Accepted: 20 October 2019; Published: 5 October 2020
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