The Baghamshah Formation was previously assigned to Jurassic age in Iran, based on stratigraphic distribution of ammonites. But, recent studies of calcareous nannofossils in the Lut Block show that the age of this formation should be assigned to the Early Cretaceous (early Berriasian to early Barremian). This study analyzed stratigraphic distribution of calcareous nannofossils of the Baghamshah Formation in the Esfandiar section located in the southeast of the Tabas Block (close to the type section). Examinination of samples identified 39 calcareous nannofossil and 6 didemnid ascidian spicules species belonging to 19 genera, corresponding from CC1 to CC5 biozones with the age of early Berriasian to early Barremian. Index nannofossil species in the succession indicate that the sedimentary basin of the Baghamshah Formation in the Esfandiar section was located in low latitudes of the Tethyan realm with warm surface water toward the top of the section. Also, the oceanic basin was an oligotrophic type with low-fertility, as its nutrient supply dropped toward the top of the section. The oligotrophic paleoenvironment during the late Berriasian to early Valanginian in the study area in eastern Iran may have corresponded to a global low sea-level.
How to translate text using browser tools
1 October 2022
Early Berriasian to Early Barremian Calcareous Nannofossils Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology of Baghamshah Formation (Esfandiar Section, Tabas Block), Eastern Iran
Marziyeh Notghi Moghaddam
Vol. 27 • No. 1
Vol. 27 • No. 1
early Barremian–early Berriasian