The present study reports the results of pollen analyses on four species of Butia (Arecaceae), Butia odorata, B. yatay, B. paraguayensis and B. lallemantii. Pollen grains were described using light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and pollen viability was determined by the fluorochromatic reaction (FCR) test. All species of Butia studied produce monosulcate pollen grains with a tectate perforate exine. Additionally, B. odorata and B. paraguayensis produce two pollen grain types, mono- and also trichotomosulcate, which has been considered a derived state of the character. Regarding pollen grain size and shape, there are significant differences in long and short axis lengths, and their ratio. Despite serious regeneration problems which jeopardise population survival in the short-term future, results showed that pollen viability of all species of Butia analysed was high enough to ensure good pollination. Therefore, pollen viability is not the limiting factor for population continuity. This is the first study dealing both with pollen morphology and assessment of pollen viability with the aim of species delimitation within this genus. Additionally, this is the first study providing new information regarding the status of the current Butia populations of southern South America from a palynological point of view.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 40 • No. 2