R- and S-epimerization at the 31 position of bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) c and the formation of rod-like aggregates in chlorosomes of green sulfur bacteria were markedly affected in Chlorobium (Cb.) tepidum and Cb. limicola by cultivation under various light intensities (photon fluence rate). The stronger the light, the higher the ratio of the S-epimer to the R-epimer for each homolog of BChl c in the bacteria. S[P,E] BChl cF and S[I,E] BChl cF were found to be the major S-epimers in Cb. tepidum and Cb. limicola, respectively. R[P,E] BChl cF decreased markedly compared to R[E,E] BChl cF in Cb. tepidum, whereas no observable change in the ratio of R[P,E]/R[E,E] was detected for Cb. limicola. With increase in light intensity the Qy absorption maximum of the bacteria shifted to shorter wavelengths. In vitro spectroscopic studies of the aggregates showed a marked difference in the formation of aggregates from R- and S-epimers of BChl c; the S-epimers formed aggregates much more slowly than did the R-epimers. These results suggest that the ratio of the epimers of BChl c might significantly affect the aggregation of BChl in the chlorosome. We propose different roles for the R- and S-epimers in chlorosomes of Cb. limicola and Cb. tepidum.
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1 May 2000
The Effects of Epimerization at the 31-position of Bacteriochlorophylls c on their Aggregation in Chlorosomes of Green Sulfur Bacteria. Control of the Ratio of 31 Epimers by Light Intensity
Photochemistry and Photobiology
Vol. 71 • No. 5
Vol. 71 • No. 5