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1 June 2000 Solar UV Dose Patterns in Italy
Daniela Meloni, Giuseppe R. Casale, Anna Maria Siani, Sabino Palmieri, Francesco Cappellani
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Since 1992 solar ultraviolet (UV) spectral irradiance (290–325 nm) has been measured at two Italian stations of Rome (urban site) and Ispra (semirural site) using Brewer spectrophotometry. The data collected under all sky conditions, are compared with the output of a sophisticated radiative transfer model (System for Transfer of Atmospheric Radiation—STAR model). The STAR multiple scattering scheme is able to cope with all physical processes relevant to the UV transfer through the atmosphere. The experience so far acquired indicates that, in spite of the unavoidable uncertainties in the input parameters (ozone, aerosol, surface albedo, pressure, temperature, relative humidity, cloud cover), measured and computed clear sky irradiances are in reasonable agreement. The STAR model is applied to build up the solar UV geographic patterns in Italy: the daily dose in the range 290–325 nm is computed at about 70 sites where a thorough and homogeneous climatology is available. For each month the concept of an idealized “standard day” is introduced and the surface distribution of solar UV field determined. The map of solar UV patterns for Italy, available for the first time, meets the study requirements in the field of skin and eye epidemiology, as well as in other investigations dealing with the impact of UV on the biosphere. The results are interpreted in terms of atmospheric and meteorological parameters modulating UV radiation reaching the ground.

Daniela Meloni, Giuseppe R. Casale, Anna Maria Siani, Sabino Palmieri, and Francesco Cappellani "Solar UV Dose Patterns in Italy," Photochemistry and Photobiology 71(6), 681-690, (1 June 2000).<0681:SUDPII>2.0.CO;2
Received: 4 January 2000; Accepted: 1 February 2000; Published: 1 June 2000

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