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1 September 2001 Suppression of UVB-induced Cutaneous Erythema by a Previous UVB Exposure
Nikiforos Kollias, Georgios N. Stamatas, Jai-Il Youn
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People who vacation in sunny places are exposed to the sun on multiple occasions at least on a daily basis. The clinical assessment of sun exposure is erythema in the first 48 h after exposure and pigmentation at times greater than 3–5 days. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the extent to which consecutive erythemogenic exposures result in additive erythema responses. Studies were conducted in which volunteers were first exposed to a graded series of fluences of UVB radiation and then on subsequent days (1–3 days) the same sites along with the surrounding unexposed skin were challenged with varying fluences of UVB radiation. The erythema reactions were assessed clinically and were objectively documented with diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The sites that received two exposures always showed a reduced erythema response compared to a single erythemogenic exposure. The suppression of erythema was more pronounced when the second exposure was given 48 h after the first. The erythema suppression was maximal when the first exposure was at 1.3 minimum erythema dose (MED). The pigment response to the first exposure was completely suppressed for fluences less than 1.5 MED. We thus provide evidence for a decoupling of the classical sequence of erythema–pigmentation response. We also show that the erythema induced by a second exposure may be substantially suppressed by an earlier exposure, and that this cannot be due to melanin photoprotection or due to substantial thickening of the stratum corneum. We propose that the cause may be some diffusible element of yet unknown origin.

Nikiforos Kollias, Georgios N. Stamatas, and Jai-Il Youn "Suppression of UVB-induced Cutaneous Erythema by a Previous UVB Exposure," Photochemistry and Photobiology 74(3), 471-476, (1 September 2001).<0471:SOUICE>2.0.CO;2
Received: 8 February 2001; Accepted: 1 June 2001; Published: 1 September 2001

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