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1 October 2001 Mechanisms of Photoinitiated Cleavage of DNA by 1,8-Naphthalimide Derivatives
Joy E. Rogers, Bindu Abraham, Amanda Rostkowski, Lisa A. Kelly
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Using water-soluble 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives, the mechanisms of photosensitized DNA damage have been elucidated. Specifically, a comparison of rate constants for the photoinduced relaxation of supercoiled to circular DNA, as a function of dissolved halide, oxygen and naphthalimide concentration, has been carried out. The singlet excited states of the naphthalimide derivatives were quenched by chloride, bromide and iodide. In all cases the quenching products were naphthalimide triplet states, produced by induced intersystem crossing within the collision complex. Similarly, the halides were found to quench the triplet excited state of the 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives by an electron transfer mechanism. Bimolecular rate constants were <105 M−1 s−1 for quenching by bromide and chloride. As expected from thermodynamic considerations quenching by iodide was 6.7 × 109 and 8.8 × 109 M−1 s−1 for the two 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives employed. At sufficiently high ground-state concentration self-quenching of the naphthalimide triplet excited state also occurs. The photosensitized conversion of supercoiled to circular DNA is fastest when self-quenching reactions are favored. The results suggest that, in the case of 1,8-naphthalimide derivatives, radicals derived from quenching of the triplet state by ground-state chromophores are more effective in cleaving DNA than reactive oxygen species or radicals derived from halogen atoms.

Joy E. Rogers, Bindu Abraham, Amanda Rostkowski, and Lisa A. Kelly "Mechanisms of Photoinitiated Cleavage of DNA by 1,8-Naphthalimide Derivatives," Photochemistry and Photobiology 74(4), 521-531, (1 October 2001).<0521:MOPCOD>2.0.CO;2
Received: 16 March 2001; Accepted: 1 June 2001; Published: 1 October 2001

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