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1 December 2001 Additional Evidence for the Cyclic GMP Signaling Pathway Resulting in the Photophobic Behavior of Stentor coeruleus
Miroslawa Walerczyk, Stanislaw Fabczak
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We report that exo- and endogenous guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) specifically influenced the photophobic response. In behavioral experiments the slowly hydrolyzable and membrane-permeable analogs of cGMP (8-bromo-cGMP [Br-cGMP] and N6,2′-o-dibutyryl-cGMP) dramatically prolonged the time for ciliary stop response and decreased the duration of ciliary reversal in a dose-dependent manner. When analogs of adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) (8-bromo-cAMP or N6,2′-o-dibutyryl-cAMP) were used, no essential effects were detected on the kinetics of the photophobic response. Both nonspecific cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity inhibitors (3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine [IBMX] and 1,3-dimethylxanthine [theophylline]) and the highly specific cGMP–PDE activity inhibitor 1,4-dihydro-5-[2-propoxyphenyl]-7H-1,2,3-triazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidine-7-one (zaprinast) mimicked the effects of cGMP analogs. Treatment of cells with an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase activity (6-anilino-5,8-quinolinedione [LY 83583]) exerted an effect opposite to that of cGMP analogs and PDE activity inhibitors. The positive physiological effect of LY 83583 was significantly diminished in ciliates that were treated simultaneously with Br-cGMP. In an assay of cell cyclic nucleotide content, the exposure of dark-adapted Stentor to light evoked a transient decrease in the basal level of intracellular cGMP. Alterations in internal cGMP levels were more distinct when the intensity of applied illumination was increased. In the presence of IBMX or theophylline the basal content of cGMP was markedly enhanced, and the photoinduced changes in cGMP level were less pronounced. In this paper the possible whole molecular mechanism by which the ciliary orientation in Stentor is controlled by light is presented.

Miroslawa Walerczyk and Stanislaw Fabczak "Additional Evidence for the Cyclic GMP Signaling Pathway Resulting in the Photophobic Behavior of Stentor coeruleus," Photochemistry and Photobiology 74(6), 829-836, (1 December 2001).<0829:AEFTCG>2.0.CO;2
Received: 2 August 2001; Accepted: 1 September 2001; Published: 1 December 2001

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