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1 March 2002 Kinetic Analysis of a Photosensitive Chelator and its Complex with Zn(II)
Melinda R. Stephens, Caroline D. Geary, Stephen G. Weber
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The reversible sequestration and release of metal ions is an important objective in biological and environmental research. Unfortunately, although there have been dramatic examples of metal ion activity control, there are very few quantitative investigations of stoichiometry, equilibria and kinetics. A significant contributor to this lack of quantitative work is the complexity of many photochromic systems. Therefore, we have attempted to create a simple, reversible photochromic metal-ion chelator that can be analyzed quantitatively. The chelator should have certain other attributes as well, namely, that it binds to divalent metal ions (because of their extreme biological importance) and that it binds metal ions in the dark so that light is used to release metal ions rather than sequester them. The photochromic chelator (1) binds to divalent metal ions [Zn(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), Hg(II), Fe(II), Co(II) and Cd(II); other metal ions have not yet been tested] in the dark with a significant binding strength. In both methanol (by spectrophotometry) and methanol–water (by voltammetry), the stoichiometry of the 1–Zn(II) complex is 2:1. The binding constant (K1K2) is on the order of 1012–1014 M−2 in methanol and 5.0 × 108 M−2 in 50% aqueous methanol. The chelator 1 is photolabile, yielding 2 with a quantum efficiency of 0.91. In a solution containing excess Zn(II), so that over 99% of the ligand exists as the monodentate complex, photolysis produces 2 with a quantum efficiency of 0.15. A kinetic analysis leads to the conclusion that the complex itself is photolabile.

Melinda R. Stephens, Caroline D. Geary, and Stephen G. Weber "Kinetic Analysis of a Photosensitive Chelator and its Complex with Zn(II)," Photochemistry and Photobiology 75(3), 211-220, (1 March 2002).<0211:KAOAPC>2.0.CO;2
Received: 27 July 2001; Accepted: 1 December 2001; Published: 1 March 2002

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