Intramolecular processes of deactivation of 1,3-dimethyl-4-thiouracil (DMTU) from the second excited singlet (S2) (π, π*) and the lowest excited triplet (T1) (π, π*) states have been studied using perfluoro-1,3-dimethylcyclohexane (PFDMCH) as a solvent. The spectral and photophysical (PP) properties of DMTU in CCl4, hexane and water have also been described. For the first time, the fluorescence from S2 state DMTU has been observed. The picosecond lifetime of DMTU in the S2 state (τS2) in PFDMCH has been proposed to be determined by a very fast intramolecular reversible process of hydrogen abstraction from the ortho methyl group by the thiocarbonyl group. The shortening of τS2 in CCl4 is interpreted to be caused by the intermolecular interactions between DMTU (S2) and the solvent. Results of the phosphorescence decay as a function of DMTU concentration were analyzed using the Stern–Volmer formalism, which enabled determination of the intrinsic lifetime of the T1 state ( ) and rate constants of self-quenching (ksq). The lifetimes, , of DMTU in PFDMCH and CCl4 are much longer than the values hitherto obtained in more reactive solvents. The PP properties of DMTU both in the S2 and T1 states have been shown to be determined by the thiocarbonyl group.
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1 May 2002
Intra- and Intermolecular Electronic Relaxation of the Second Excited Singlet and the Lowest Excited Triplet States of 1,3-Dimethyl-4-thiouracil in Solution
Photochemistry and Photobiology
Vol. 75 • No. 5
Vol. 75 • No. 5