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1 May 2002 Photophysical Properties and Antibacterial Activity of Meso-substituted Cationic Porphyrins
Elena Reddi, Mara Ceccon, Giuliana Valduga, Giulio Jori, Jerry C. Bommer, Fausto Elisei, Loredana Latterini, Ugo Mazzucato
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Abstract

A series of derivatives of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(4-N-methylpyridyl)-porphine, where one N-methyl group was replaced by a hydrocarbon chain ranging from C6 to C22, were characterized for their photophysical and photosensitizing properties. The absorption and fluorescence features of the various compounds in neutral aqueous solutions were typical of largely monomeric porphyrins, with the exception of the C22 derivative, which appeared to be extensively aggregated. This was confirmed by the very low triplet quantum yield and lifetime of the C22 derivative as compared with 0.2–0.7 quantum yields and 88–167 μs lifetimes for the other porphyrins. The photophysical properties and photosensitizing activity toward N-acetyl-l-tryptophanamide of the C22 porphyrin became comparable to those typical of the other derivatives in 2% aqueous sodium dodecyl sulfate, where the C22 compound is fully monomerized. All the porphyrin derivatives exhibited at micromolar concentrations photoinactivation activity against both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, even though the gram-negative bacteria were markedly less photosensitive. The photosensitizing efficiency was influenced by (1) the amount of cell-bound porphyrin, which increased with increasing length of the hydrocarbon chain; and (2) the tendency to undergo partial aggregation in the cell, which seems to be especially important for the C22 derivative.

Elena Reddi, Mara Ceccon, Giuliana Valduga, Giulio Jori, Jerry C. Bommer, Fausto Elisei, Loredana Latterini, and Ugo Mazzucato "Photophysical Properties and Antibacterial Activity of Meso-substituted Cationic Porphyrins," Photochemistry and Photobiology 75(5), 462-470, (1 May 2002). https://doi.org/10.1562/0031-8655(2002)075<0462:PPAAAO>2.0.CO;2
Received: 22 October 2001; Accepted: 1 February 2002; Published: 1 May 2002
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