1 July 2006 UV Index on Tilted Surfaces
A. R. Esteve, M. J. Marín, J. A. Martínez-Lozano, F. Tena, M. P. Utrillas, J. Cañada
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Solar ultraviolet erythemal irradiance (UVER) has been studied on inclined planes with different orientations in Valencia, Spain. To do this a platform was designed that could turn through 90° on its own axis. The radiometers were inclined at an angle close to the latitude of Valencia (39.5° N). Using two timers the platform could be turned through 90° every 5 min. On clear or partially cloudy days, including those with different turbidity values, it was observed that the UVER showed a maximum at 1200 h GMT, very close to solar noon, in the north and south positions, while the maximum for east and west orientations was found at approximately one hour before and one hour after midday respectively. It was also observed how the irradiance for the south orientation was greater and for the north was less than for the horizontal plane, as well as the opposite performances of the east and west orientations, for four days close to the summer and winter solstices and each equinox. Some experimental results were also compared with the results from the SMARTS2.9 model for the same conditions. It was found that the model frequently overestimated the experimental data.

With respect to the maximum calculated UV Index in the different planes this was always higher for the south orientation than for the north, while it was similar for east and west orientations throughout the year. Finally the accumulated erythemal dosage for the considered period was obtained as a function of phototype and orientation, confirming that the accumulated erythemal dosage decreased by around 37% in the north orientation compared to the horizontal value, while in the south position it was only 6% less and some 20% and 15% less in the east and west positions, respectively.

A. R. Esteve, M. J. Marín, J. A. Martínez-Lozano, F. Tena, M. P. Utrillas, and J. Cañada "UV Index on Tilted Surfaces," Photochemistry and Photobiology 82(4), 1047-1052, (1 July 2006). https://doi.org/10.1562/2005-11-30-RA-743
Received: 30 November 2005; Accepted: 1 May 2006; Published: 1 July 2006

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