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1 September 2013 Labeling of genetically modified food
Anton E. Wohlers
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Within the broader context of several related biotech developments, including the proliferation of GM food in American grocery stories, the recent decision by Whole Foods Market, Inc. to require the labeling of all genetically modified (GM) organism products sold in its stores by 2018, and the development of GM animals for consumption, this essay asks whether the United States is inching towards a policy of mandatory GM food labeling. The analysis highlights aspects of the biotechnology policy debate in the United States and European Union, and traces public opinion as well as grassroots and legislative efforts aimed at GM food labeling. Findings show that activities at the federal level do not suggest any major regulatory changes regarding labeling in the near future; however, a growing number of individual states are considering GM food labeling legislation and political momentum in favor of labeling has picked up in recent years. Voluntary labeling by food companies may also become increasingly common.

Anton E. Wohlers "Labeling of genetically modified food," Politics and the Life Sciences 32(1), 73-84, (1 September 2013).
Published: 1 September 2013

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Genetically modified foods
GM organisms
millions against Monsanto
Proposition 37
Whole Foods announcement
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