A new species of Macrotarsomys, M. petteri (Rodentia: Muridae: Nesomyinae), is described based on a single specimen taken during a 2003 biological survey of the Forêt des Mikea in southwestern Madagascar. This is the third species known in this endemic genus, and all are confined to the dry forest formations of western Madagascar. The region where M. petteri occurs is a unique transitional forest habitat that is under considerable threat from human-induced habitat degradation and steps need to be swiftly taken to protect the Forêt des Mikea.
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Vol. 118 • No. 2