Sigmodontomys aphrastus, the long-tailed rat, is an exceedingly rare rodent species from montane regions of Central and South America of which very little is known ecologically or systematically. It has been variously placed in the genera Oryzomys, Nectomys, and Sigmodontomys based on the five previously known specimens. Two new individuals were collected in northwestern Costa Rica's Cordillera de Tilarán. These new specimens and the other five known specimens are used to redescribe the species, detail measurements of external and cranial morphology, and compare S. aphrastus to similarly appearing sympatric species (Nephelomys albigularis and N. devius) and proposed closely related species (Sigmodontomys alfari, Mindomys hammondi, and Melanomys caliginosus). New ecological data is presented and the general knowledge of its natural history is summarized. The phylogenetic relatedness of S. aphrastus with purported sister taxa remains unresolved until combined molecular and morphological analyses are conducted.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 120 • No. 2