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1 August 2007 Redescription of the enigmatic long-tailed rat Sigmodontomys aphrastus (Cricetidae: Sigmodontinae) with comments on taxonomy and natural history
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Abstract

Sigmodontomys aphrastus, the long-tailed rat, is an exceedingly rare rodent species from montane regions of Central and South America of which very little is known ecologically or systematically. It has been variously placed in the genera Oryzomys, Nectomys, and Sigmodontomys based on the five previously known specimens. Two new individuals were collected in northwestern Costa Rica's Cordillera de Tilarán. These new specimens and the other five known specimens are used to redescribe the species, detail measurements of external and cranial morphology, and compare S. aphrastus to similarly appearing sympatric species (Nephelomys albigularis and N. devius) and proposed closely related species (Sigmodontomys alfari, Mindomys hammondi, and Melanomys caliginosus). New ecological data is presented and the general knowledge of its natural history is summarized. The phylogenetic relatedness of S. aphrastus with purported sister taxa remains unresolved until combined molecular and morphological analyses are conducted.

Christy M. McCain, Robert M. Timm, and Marcelo Weksler "Redescription of the enigmatic long-tailed rat Sigmodontomys aphrastus (Cricetidae: Sigmodontinae) with comments on taxonomy and natural history," Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 120(2), 117-136, (1 August 2007). https://doi.org/10.2988/0006-324X(2007)120[117:ROTELR]2.0.CO;2
Published: 1 August 2007
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