Fujimori, A., Hashimoto, H., Araki, R., Saito, T., Sato, S., Kasama, Y., Tsutsumi, Y., Mori, M., Fukumura, R., Ohhata, T., Tatsumi, K. and Abe, M. Sequence Analysis of 193.4 and 83.9 kbp of Mouse and Chicken Genomic DNAs Containing the Entire Prkdc (DNA-PKcs) Gene. Radiat. Res. 157, 298 – 305 (2002).
The catalytic subunit of DNA-dependent protein kinase plays critical roles in nonhomologous end joining in repair of DNA double-strand breaks and V(D)J recombination. In addition to the SCID phenotype, it has been suggested that the molecule contributes to the polymorphic variations in radiosensitivity and susceptibility to cancer in mouse strains. Here we show the nucleotide sequence of approximately 193-kbp and 84-kbp genomic regions encoding the entire Prkdc gene (also known as DNA-PKcs) in the mouse and chicken, respectively. A large retroposon was found in intron 51 in the mouse but not in the human or chicken. Comparative analyses of the genome strongly suggested that the region contains only two genes for Prkdc and Mcm4; however, several conserved sequences and cis elements were also predicted.