Kakinuma, S., Nishimura, M., Sasanuma, S-I., Mita, K., Suzuki, G., Katsura, Y., Sado, T. and Shimada, Y. Spectrum of Znfn1a1 (Ikaros) Inactivation and its Association with Loss of Heterozygosity in Radiogenic T-Cell Lymphomas in Susceptible B6C3F1 Mice. Radiat. Res. 157, 331 – 340 (2002).
Ikaros (now known as Znfn1a1), a Krüppel-type zinc-finger transcription factor that plays a critical role in both lineage commitment and differentiation of lymphoid cells, has recently been shown to function as a tumor suppressor gene. We have previously reported a high frequency of LOH (∼50 %) at the Znfn1a1 locus in radiation-induced T-cell lymphoma in susceptible B6C3F1 mice. The aim of the present study was to delineate the types of Znfn1a1 inactivation, with special reference to the LOH status, and to determine the relative contribution of each type of Znfn1a1 inactivation in radiation-induced T-cell lymphomas in B6C3F1 mice. We demonstrated that Znfn1a1 was frequently altered (in ∼50 % of T-cell lymphomas), and that its inactivation was caused by a variety of mechanisms, which came under one of the following four categories: (1) null expression (14 %); (2) expression of unusual dominant-negative isoforms (11 %); (3) amino acid substitutions in the N-terminal zinc-finger domain for DNA binding caused by point mutations (22 %); (4) lack of the Znfn1a1 isoform 1 due to the creation of a stop codon by insertion of a dinucleotide in exon 3 (3 %). The null expression, amino acid substitutions, and dinucleotide insertion inactivation types were well correlated with LOH at the Znfn1a1 allele (86 %) and were consistent with Knudson's two-hit theory. On the other hand, T-cell lymphomas expressing dominant-negative Znfn1a1 isoforms retained both alleles. These results indicate that Znfn1a1 inactivation takes place by a variety of mechanisms in radiation-induced murine T-cell lymphomas and is frequently associated with LOH, this association depending on the type of inactivation.