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1 August 2002 The Range of Oxygenation in SiHa Tumor Xenografts
Peggy L. Olive, Judit P. Banáth, Ralph E. Durand
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Olive, P. L., Banáth, J. P. and Durand, R. E. The Range of Oxygenation in SiHa Tumor Xenografts. Radiat. Res. 158, 159–166 (2002).

Tumor cells at very low oxygen tensions are known to be about three times more resistant to killing by ionizing radiation. Since cells at intermediate oxygen tensions (defined here as greater than 0.1% and less than 2% O2) show partial radioresistance, they should be a consideration in tumor treatment. In an effort to estimate the extent and range of oxygenation in SiHa human cervical carcinoma xenografts, patterns of cell killing and DNA damage by radiation and two bioreductive drugs, PD-144872 and RSU-1069, were compared to those seen in SiHa cells grown as spheroids. These drugs produce DNA interstrand crosslinks that are largely responsible for cell killing, and the degree of crosslinking increases as the oxygenation is reduced. About 60% of the cells in SiHa xenografts exhibited drug-induced crosslinks, but only about 35% showed extensive crosslinking indicative of hypoxia below 0.1% oxygen. Patterns of toxicity and DNA damage in xenografts were comparable to those of spheroids equilibrated with about 2% oxygen, indicating that most cells in the xenografts exhibit some radioresistance due to lack of oxygen. Similarly, pimonidazole binding indicated that about 60% of the cells in SiHa xenografts were either intermediate in oxygenation or hypoxic, but only about half of those were consistent with extreme oxygen depletion. The apparent size of the population of “intermediately hypoxic” cells has implications for the use of ionizing radiation, hypoxic cell cytotoxins, and other antitumor agents whose cytotoxicity is dependent on cellular oxygen content.

Peggy L. Olive, Judit P. Banáth, and Ralph E. Durand "The Range of Oxygenation in SiHa Tumor Xenografts," Radiation Research 158(2), 159-166, (1 August 2002).[0159:TROOIS]2.0.CO;2
Received: 8 August 2001; Accepted: 1 April 2002; Published: 1 August 2002
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