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1 November 2002 Comparative X- and Q-Band EPR Study of Radiation-Induced Radicals in Tooth Enamel
Gauthier C. A M. Vanhaelewyn, Jaroslaw Sadlo, Paul F. A E. Matthys, Freddy J. Callens
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Abstract

Vanhaelewyn, G. C. A. M., Sadlo, J., Matthys, P. F. A. E. and Callens, F. J. Comparative X- and Q-Band EPR Study of Radiation-Induced Radicals in Tooth Enamel. Radiat. Res. 158, 615–625 (2002).

Human tooth enamel blocks and powders that were either unheated or heated prior to X irradiation at room temperature were investigated by means of Q-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). It was found that the EPR spectra of unheated human tooth enamel consist mainly of two different anisotropic CO2 signals, as was suggested previously from an X-band study of analogous samples. In the present study, the two CO2 radical contributions could be differentiated convincingly by comparing the anisotropic Q-band spectra of heated and unheated enamel blocks. One type of CO2 is probably located in the bulk of the apatitic microcrystallites that constitute the enamel, and it appears in both heated and unheated samples. The other type is presumably located in an intercrystallite position and appears mainly in the unheated samples. Clear differences between g values in the Q-band spectra of heated and unheated enamel suggest that the CO2 radicals in the bulk exhibit larger g anisotropy than those in intercrystallite positions. Isotropic CO2 signals and contributions that may be from CO33− and CO radicals have also been detected. However, the present work focuses mainly on the CO2 signals and discusses potential and/or real difficulties that may be encountered in applications of EPR dosimetry using calcified tissues.

Gauthier C. A M. Vanhaelewyn, Jaroslaw Sadlo, Paul F. A E. Matthys, and Freddy J. Callens "Comparative X- and Q-Band EPR Study of Radiation-Induced Radicals in Tooth Enamel," Radiation Research 158(5), 615-625, (1 November 2002). https://doi.org/10.1667/0033-7587(2002)158[0615:CXAQBE]2.0.CO;2
Received: 20 November 2001; Accepted: 1 July 2002; Published: 1 November 2002
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