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1 June 2005 Recovery Capacity of Glial Progenitors after In Vivo Fission-Neutron or X Irradiation: Age Dependence, Fractionation and Low-Dose-Rate Irradiations
H. Philippo, E. A M. Winter, A. J. van der Kogel, R. Huiskamp
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Abstract

Philippo, H., van der Kogel, A. J., Winter, E. A. M. and Huiskamp, R. Recovery Capacity of Glial Progenitors after In Vivo Fission-Neutron or X Irradiation: Age Dependence, Fractionation and Low-Dose-Rate Irradiations. Radiat. Res. 163, 636–643 (2005).

Previous experiments on the radiosensitivity of O-2A glial progenitors determined for single-dose fission-neutron and X irradiation showed log-linear survival curves, suggesting a lack of accumulation of recovery of sublethal damage. In the present study, we addressed this question and further characterized the radiobiological properties of these glial stem cells by investigating the recovery capacity of glial stem cells using either fractionated or protracted whole-body irradiation. Irradiations were performed on newborn, 2-week-old or 12-week-old rats. Fractionated irradiations (four fractions) were performed with 24-h intervals, followed by cell isolations 16– 24 h after the last irradiation. Single-dose irradiations were followed by cell isolation 16–24 h after irradiation or delayed cell isolation (4 days after irradiation) of the O-2A progenitor cells from either spinal cord (newborns) or optic nerve (2- and 12-week-old rats). Results for neonatal progenitor cell survival show effect ratios for both fractionated fission-neutron and X irradiation of the order of 1.8 when compared with single-dose irradiation. A similar ratio was found after single-dose irradiation combined with delayed plating. Comparable results were observed for juvenile and adult optic nerve progenitors, with effect ratios of the order of 1.2. The present investigation clearly shows that fractionated irradiation regimens using X rays or fission neutrons and CNS tissue from rats of various ages results in an increase in O-2A progenitor cell survival while repair is virtually absent. This recovery of the progenitor pool after irradiation can be observed at all ages but is greatest in the neonatal spinal cord and can probably be attributed to repopulation.

H. Philippo, E. A M. Winter, A. J. van der Kogel, and R. Huiskamp "Recovery Capacity of Glial Progenitors after In Vivo Fission-Neutron or X Irradiation: Age Dependence, Fractionation and Low-Dose-Rate Irradiations," Radiation Research 163(6), 636-643, (1 June 2005). https://doi.org/10.1667/0033-7587(2005)163[0636:RCOGPA]2.0.CO;2
Received: 16 March 2004; Accepted: 1 November 2004; Published: 1 June 2005
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