Mokrini, R., Trouillas, P., Kaouadji, M., Champavier, Y., Houée-Lévin, C., Calliste, C. A., Fagnère, C. and Duroux, J. L. Reactivity of Chalcones with 1-Hydroxymethyl Radicals. Radiat. Res. 166, 928–941 (2006).
Reactivity of chalcones with reactive species issued from methanol radiolysis was investigated in the absence or presence of dioxygen. Chalcones are natural antioxidants that are present in fruit and vegetables. Their degradation in the radiolysed solutions was followed by HPLC, NMR, FAB-LSIMS mass spectroscopy and analytical TLC in deaerated solution. Among the 18 identified radiolytic compounds, 16 were new. The formation of the radiolytic products was not influenced by A- and B-ring substitutions. To explain the degradation process, we thus suggested that the primary step was an attack of the α,β-double bond by the 1-hydroxymethyl radical, either at Cα or at Cβ. This step was followed by addition, cyclization or bond dissociations. Different chemical pathways were discussed that implicate the reactive species issued from methanol radiolysis. This paper highlights the relative importance of the different radical species, especially the carbon-centered radical, 1-hydroxymethyl (HMR) and the corresponding oxygen-centered isomer. In addition, an interesting unusual role of dioxygen should be noted; indeed, in the presence of dioxygen, degradation of chalcones was inhibited.