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27 April 2010 Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor Suppresses Radiation-Induced Apoptosis and TP53 Pathway in Rat Small Intestine
Mutsumi Matsuu-Matsuyama, Masahiro Nakashima, Kazuko Shichijo, Kumio Okaichi, Toshiyuki Nakayama, Ichiro Sekine
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Abstract

The effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was studied in radiation-induced apoptosis in rat jejunal crypt cells. Six-week-old male Wistar rats were administered 4 mg/kg bFGF intraperitoneally 25 h before receiving 8 Gy whole-body X rays. The jejunum was removed for analysis from time 0 to 120 h after irradiation. Villus length in control rats declined steadily until 72 h, while in bFGF-treated rats the villi were longer than in the controls until 48 h. Crypt lengths were similar to villi. bFGF treatment increased Ki-67-positive cells in the jejunal crypt at 0, 24 and 48 h. The treatment with bFGF reduced the number of apoptotic cells per jejunal crypt to 23% and 10% of the control values at 3 and 6 h, respectively, and increased numbers of mitotic cells significantly at 48 and 72 h. bFGF decreased the levels of TP53, CDKN1A, Puma and Cleaved caspase 3 at 3 h as detected by Western blot analyses. Our results suggest that bFGF protected against acute radiation-induced injury by suppressing the crypt apoptotic cells including the stem cells and promoted crypt cell proliferation. The inhibition of apoptosis thus might be related to suppression of the TP53 pathway.

Mutsumi Matsuu-Matsuyama, Masahiro Nakashima, Kazuko Shichijo, Kumio Okaichi, Toshiyuki Nakayama, and Ichiro Sekine "Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor Suppresses Radiation-Induced Apoptosis and TP53 Pathway in Rat Small Intestine," Radiation Research 174(1), 52-61, (27 April 2010). https://doi.org/10.1667/RR1802.1
Received: 24 March 2009; Accepted: 1 February 2010; Published: 27 April 2010
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