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10 October 2012 Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation-Induced Blood Plasma Metabolic Response in a Diverse Genetic Mouse Population
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Understanding the biological effects and biochemical mechanisms of low-dose ionizing radiation (LDIR) is important for setting exposure limits for the safe use of nuclear power and medical diagnostic procedures. Although several studies have highlighted the effects of ionizing radiation on metabolism, most studies have focused on uniform genetic mouse populations. Here, we report the metabolic response to LDIR (10 cGy X ray) on a genetically diverse mouse population (142 mice) generated from a cross of radiation-sensitive (BALB/c) and radiation-resistant (SPRET/EiJ) parental strains. GC-TOF profiling of plasma metabolites was used to compare exposed vs. sham animals. From this, 16 metabolites were significantly altered in the LDIR treated vs. sham group. Use of two significantly altered metabolites, thymine and 2-monostearin, was found to effectively segregate the two treatments. Multivariate statistical analysis was used to identify genetic polymorphisms correlated with metabolite abundance (e.g., amino acids, fatty acids, nucleotides and TCA cycle intermediates). Genetic analysis of metabolic phenotypes showed suggestive linkages for fatty acid and amino acid metabolism. However, metabolite abundance was found to be a function of low-dose ionizing radiation exposure, and not of the underlying genetic variation.

Do Yup Lee, Benjamin P. Bowen, David H. Nguyen, Sara Parsa, Yurong Huang, Jian-Hua Mao, and Trent R. Northen "Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation-Induced Blood Plasma Metabolic Response in a Diverse Genetic Mouse Population," Radiation Research 178(6), 551-555, (10 October 2012).
Received: 3 March 2012; Accepted: 1 July 2012; Published: 10 October 2012

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