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6 May 2013 Sequential Transformation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells is Associated with Increased Radiosensitivity and Reduced DNA Repair Capacity
M. Worku, N. Fersht, C. Martindale, J. M. Funes, S. C. Short
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Abstract

We used sequentially transformed mesenchymal stem cells to investigate how the events that lead to tumorigenicity influence the cellular response to radiation. Bone marrow derived SH2 , SH4 , Stro-1 mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) were transformed stepwise by retroviral transfection of hTERT, HPV-16 E6 and E7, SV40 small T antigen and oncogenic H-ras. Cells at three different stages of transformation were irradiated and compared using assays for cytotoxicity, apoptosis, DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair and checkpoint signaling. The effects of inhibition of cell cycle checkpoint signaling on radiosensitivity were investigated using RNA interference. During stepwise transformation, specifically after HPV-16 E6 and E7 transduction, MSCs became more sensitive to radiation. This was associated with increased residual DNA DSB at 24 h and increased apoptosis. Enhanced checkpoint signaling occurred during transformation and there was a differential effect of checkpoint targeting in cells at different stages; Chk1 knockdown enhanced radiosensitivity in all cells while Chk2 knockdown only affected non-transformed cells. These data show that transformation of MSC is associated with a reduction in DNA DSB repair capacity and increased radiosensitivity. Up-regulation of checkpoint signaling does not overcome this and the effect of checkpoint inhibition may change with transformation status.

M. Worku, N. Fersht, C. Martindale, J. M. Funes, and S. C. Short "Sequential Transformation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells is Associated with Increased Radiosensitivity and Reduced DNA Repair Capacity," Radiation Research 179(6), 698-706, (6 May 2013). https://doi.org/10.1667/RR2998.1
Received: 15 March 2012; Accepted: 1 January 2013; Published: 6 May 2013
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