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6 August 2013 Cardiac Injury after 10 Gy Total Body Irradiation: Indirect Role of Effects on Abdominal Organs
Marek Lenarczyk, Vy Lam, Eric Jensen, Brian L. Fish, Jidong Su, Stacy Koprowski, Richard A. Komorowski, Leanne Harmann, Raymond Q. Migrino, X. Allen Li, John W. Hopewell, John E. Moulder, John E. Baker
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Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine whether radiation-induced injury to the heart after 10 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) is direct or indirect. Young male WAG/RijCmcr rats received a 10 Gy single dose using TBI, upper hemi-body (UHB) irradiation, lower hemi-body (LHB) irradiation, TBI with the kidneys shielded or LHB irradiation with the intestines shielded. Age-matched, sham-irradiated rats served as controls. The lipid profile, kidney injury, heart and liver morphology and cardiac function were determined up to 120 days after irradiation. LHB, but not UHB irradiation, increased the risk factors for cardiac disease as well as the occurrence of cardiac and kidney injury in a way that was quantitatively and qualitatively similar to that observed after TBI. Shielding of the kidneys prevented the increases in risk factors for cardiac disease. Shielding of the intestines did not prevent the increases in risk factors for cardiac disease. There was no histological evidence of liver injury 120 days after irradiation. Injury to the heart from irradiation appears to be indirect, supporting the notion that injury to abdominal organs, principally the kidneys, is responsible for the increased risk factors for and the occurrence of cardiac disease after TBI and LHB irradiation.

Marek Lenarczyk, Vy Lam, Eric Jensen, Brian L. Fish, Jidong Su, Stacy Koprowski, Richard A. Komorowski, Leanne Harmann, Raymond Q. Migrino, X. Allen Li, John W. Hopewell, John E. Moulder, and John E. Baker "Cardiac Injury after 10 Gy Total Body Irradiation: Indirect Role of Effects on Abdominal Organs," Radiation Research 180(3), 247-258, (6 August 2013). https://doi.org/10.1667/RR3292.1
Received: 20 December 2012; Accepted: 1 May 2013; Published: 6 August 2013
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