We developed a simple, rapid and quantitative assay using the fluorescent probe PicoGreen to measure the concentration of ionizing radiation-induced double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) in mouse plasma, and we correlated this concentration with the radiation dose. With 70 μl of blood obtained by fingerstick, this 30 min assay reduces protein interference without extending sample processing time. Plasma from nonirradiated mice (BALB/c and NIH Swiss) was pooled, diluted and spiked with dsDNA to establish sensitivity and reproducibility of the assay to quantify plasma dsDNA. The assay was then used to directly quantify dsDNA in plasma at 0–48 h after mice received 0–10 Gy total-body irradiation (TBI). There are three optimal conditions for this assay: 1:10 dilution of plasma in water; 1:200 dilution of PicoGreen reagent in water; and calibration of radiation-induced dsDNA concentration through a standard addition method using serial spiking of samples with genomic dsDNA. Using the internal standard calibration curve of the spiked samples method, the signal developed within 5 min, exhibiting a linear signal (r2 = 0.997). The radiation-induced elevation of plasma DNA in mice started at 1–3 h, peaked at 9 h and gradually returned to baseline at 24 h after TBI (6 Gy). DNA levels in plasma collected from mice 9 h after 0–10 Gy TBI correlated strongly with dose (r2 = 0.991 and 0.947 for BALB/c and NIH Swiss, respectively). Using the PicoGreen assay, we observed a radiation dose-dependent response in extracellular plasma DNA 9 h after irradiation with an assay time ≤30 min.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 183 • No. 2