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31 December 2015 Novel Recombinant Protein FlaA N/C Protects against Radiation Injury via NF-κB Signaling
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There are few safe and effective drugs available that protect healthy tissue against radiation-induced damage, highlighting the need to develop such radioprotective agents. We investigated the mechanism underlying the protective effects of the novel, recombinant, flagellin-like protein FlaA N/C against radiation-induced tissue damage in female BALB/c mice. FlaA N/C treatment increased the levels of several pro-proliferative cytokines while inhibiting apoptosis and reducing inflammation. These effects were accompanied by activation of the nuclear factor κB signaling pathway via direct interaction of FlaA N/C with Toll-like receptor 5, as well as enhanced survival of mice after total-body irradiation compared to that observed with treatment with amifostine, a radioprotective agent that is currently being used in clinical practice. These results indicate that FlaA N/C could be further explored as a possible protector of damage to healthy tissue during radiotherapy.

Ying Xu, Dongming Wu, Yuanchun Fan, Peigeng Li, Hongfei Du, Jiao Shi, Dan Wang, and Xiaoping Zhou "Novel Recombinant Protein FlaA N/C Protects against Radiation Injury via NF-κB Signaling," Radiation Research 185(1), 77-86, (31 December 2015).
Received: 18 June 2015; Accepted: 1 October 2015; Published: 31 December 2015

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