Translator Disclaimer
18 August 2017 Alpha Particles and X Rays Interact in Inducing DNA Damage in U2OS Cells
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are monitored for health effects within the Life Span Study (LSS). The LSS results represent the most important source of data about cancer effects from ionizing radiation exposure, which forms the foundation for the radiation protection system. One uncertainty connected to deriving universal risk factors from these results is related to the problem of mixed radiation qualities. The A-bomb explosions generated a mixed beam of the sparsely ionizing gamma radiation and densely ionizing neutrons. However, until now the possible interaction of the two radiation types of inducing biological effects has not been taken into consideration. The existence of such interaction would suggest that the application of risk factors derived from the LSS to predict cancer effects after pure gamma-ray irradiation (such as in the Fukushima prefecture) leads to an overestimation of risk. To analyze the possible interaction of radiation types, a mixed-beam exposure facility was constructed where cells can be exposed to sparsely ionizing X rays and densely ionizing alpha particles. U2OS cells were used, which are stably transfected with a plasmid coding for the DNA repair gene 53BP1 coupled to a gene coding for the green fluorescent protein (GFP). The induction and repair of DNA damage, which are known to be related to cancer induction, were analyzed. The results suggest that alpha particles and X rays interact, leading to cellular and possibly cancer effects, which cannot be accurately predicted based on assuming simple additivity of the individual mixed-beam components.

©2017 by Radiation Research Society
Alice Sollazzo, Beata Brzozowska, Lei Cheng, Lovisa Lundholm, Siamak Haghdoost, Harry Scherthan, and Andrzej Wojcik "Alpha Particles and X Rays Interact in Inducing DNA Damage in U2OS Cells," Radiation Research 188(4), 400-411, (18 August 2017). https://doi.org/10.1667/RR14803.1
Received: 10 April 2017; Accepted: 1 June 2017; Published: 18 August 2017
JOURNAL ARTICLE
12 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top