Translator Disclaimer
14 January 2022 Dose-dependent Transmissibility of Chromosome Aberrations at First Mitosis after Exposure to Gamma Rays. I. Modeling and Implications Related to Risk Assessment
Bradford D. Loucas, Igor Shuryak, Stephen R. Kunkel, Michael N. Cornforth
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

The relationship between certain chromosomal aberration (CA) types and cell lethality is well established. On that basis we used multi-fluor in situ hybridization (mFISH) to tally the number of mitotic human lymphocytes exposed to graded doses of gamma rays that carried either lethal or nonlethal CA types. Despite the fact that a number of nonlethal complex exchanges were observed, the cells containing them were seldom deemed viable, due to coincident lethal chromosome damage. We considered two model variants for describing the dose responses. The first assumes independent linear-quadratic (LQ) dose response shapes for the yields of both lethal and nonlethal CAs. The second (simplified) variant assumes that the mean number of nonlethal CAs per cell is proportional to the mean number of lethal CAs per cell, meaning that the shapes and magnitudes of both aberration types differ only by a multiplicative proportionality constant. Using these models allowed us to assemble dose response curves for the frequency of aberration-bearing cells that would be expected to survive. This took the form of a joint probability distribution for cells containing ≥1 nonlethal CAs but having zero lethal CAs. The simplified second model variant turned out to be marginally better supported than the first, and the joint probability distribution based on this model yielded a crescent-shaped dose response reminiscent of those observed for mutagenesis and transformation for cells “at risk” (i.e. not corrected for survival). Among the implications of these findings is the suggestion that similarly shaped curves form the basis for deriving metrics associated with radiation risk models.

©2022 by Radiation Research Society. All rights of reproduction in any form reserved.
Bradford D. Loucas, Igor Shuryak, Stephen R. Kunkel, and Michael N. Cornforth "Dose-dependent Transmissibility of Chromosome Aberrations at First Mitosis after Exposure to Gamma Rays. I. Modeling and Implications Related to Risk Assessment," Radiation Research 197(4), 376-383, (14 January 2022). https://doi.org/10.1667/RADE-21-00180.1
Received: 13 September 2021; Accepted: 29 November 2021; Published: 14 January 2022
JOURNAL ARTICLE
8 PAGES


Share
SHARE
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top