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1 March 2011 Vegetation Production Responses to October Grazing in the Nebraska Sandhills
Eric M Mousel, Walter H Schacht, Patrick E Reece, Amy E Herron, Ann Koehler
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Understanding the long-term effect of summer grazing date and fall stocking rate on herbage production is critical to extending the grazing season in the Nebraska Sandhills. A study was conducted from 1997 to 2002 at the Gudmundsen Sandhills Laboratory located near Whitman, Nebraska, to determine the herbage production response to summer grazing date and October stocking rate on two different sites. Site 1 was dominated by warm-season grasses and site 2 was dominated by cool-season graminoids. At each site, three 0.37-ha pastures were constructed in each of four blocks before application of summer grazing treatments. Pastures in each block were grazed at 0.5 animal-unit months (AUM) · ha−1 in June or July, or were deferred from summer grazing. Following summer grazing treatments, October stocking rate treatments (no grazing or 1.0, 2.0, or 3.0 AUM · ha−1) were applied to subunits of each summer grazing date pasture during mid-October. Vegetation was sampled in each pasture in mid-June and mid-August and sorted by functional group to determine the effect of 5 yr of grazing treatments on herbage production and residual herbage. Herbage production was not affected by summer or October grazing treatments on the warm-season grass–dominated site. Increasing October stocking rate, however, reduced cool-season graminoid production and subsequent herbage production 25% by year 5 of the study. Residual herbage at both sites at the end of the October grazing periods explained as much as 16% to 34% of subsequent year's herbage production. Grazing managers in the Nebraska Sandhills can extend the grazing season by lightly stocking pastures in the summer to facilitate additional fall grazing. Heavy stocking in October over several years on cool-season–, but not warm-season–, dominated sites will reduce production of cool-season graminoids on these sites.

Society for Range Management
Eric M Mousel, Walter H Schacht, Patrick E Reece, Amy E Herron, and Ann Koehler "Vegetation Production Responses to October Grazing in the Nebraska Sandhills," Rangeland Ecology and Management 64(2), 208-214, (1 March 2011).
Received: 8 October 2009; Accepted: 1 December 2010; Published: 1 March 2011

C3–C4 production dynamics
October stocking rate
residual herbage
vegetation functional groups
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