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1 December 2014 Calculating Foraging Area Using Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Technology
Dean M. Anderson, Rick E. Estell, T. Scott Schrader
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Abstract

On the Ground

  • Optimum forage utilization on animal-dominated landscapes can only occur when stocking rate (SR) and stocking density (SD) are considered and managed simultaneously.

  • Landscapes with foraging animals contain vegetation ranging from unused to over-used even under a proper SR.

  • The global navigation satellite system (GNSS) technology has catapulted our understanding of spatial–temporal management of free-ranging livestock into a 24/7 opportunity.

  • Location-specific data will improve management of stocked landscapes, both ecologically and economically.

  • GNSS data from instrumented animals provides an opportunity to understand when and where a landscape is used to improve animal distribution.

  • A proper SR and management of animal distribution (i.e., SD) will facilitate adaptive management of animal dominated landscapes.

Dean M. Anderson, Rick E. Estell, and T. Scott Schrader "Calculating Foraging Area Using Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Technology," Rangelands 36(6), 31-35, (1 December 2014). https://doi.org/10.2111/Rangelands-D-14-00022.1
Published: 1 December 2014
JOURNAL ARTICLE
5 PAGES


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KEYWORDS
adaptive management
animal behavior
GPS
plant–animal interface
postweaning
preweaning
tracking livestock
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