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1 September 2016 Bacterial Fauna of the Forehead, Tongue, and Nasal Mucosa of Odocoileus virginianus (White-Tailed Deer) in Georgia
Emily H. Belser, Bradley S. Cohen, David A. Osborn, Shamus P. Keeler, Scott M. Russell, Karl V. Miller
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Abstract

Identification of the bacterial fauna associated with the skin, nasal mucosa, and tongue of Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) may provide some insight into deer health and potential risks for humans from contact with deer. Few bacterial surveys have investigated White-tailed Deer, despite the commonality of human—deer interactions. From October to December 2011, we collected swab samples from the forehead, nose, and tongue of 39 hunter-harvested White-tailed Deer in Georgia. We inoculated and incubated agar plates for 48 h at 35 °C and identified the isolated bacterial colonies to genus using the bioMerieux Vitek 2 system. We amplified and sequenced portions of the 16s ribosomal-RNA gene, and used the products to identify 60 species of bacteria, including 342 Gram-positive isolates and 93 Gram-negative isolates. Although most species isolated from White-tailed Deer were nonpathogenic environmental bacteria, good hygiene is recommended when handling these animals.

Emily H. Belser, Bradley S. Cohen, David A. Osborn, Shamus P. Keeler, Scott M. Russell, and Karl V. Miller "Bacterial Fauna of the Forehead, Tongue, and Nasal Mucosa of Odocoileus virginianus (White-Tailed Deer) in Georgia," Southeastern Naturalist 15(3), 488-495, (1 September 2016). https://doi.org/10.1656/058.015.0309
Published: 1 September 2016
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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