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1 December 2003 RED AND BLACK COLORATION IN FLORIDA HYMENOPTERA
Mark Deyrup, Thomas Eisner
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Abstract

Lists are presented of 79 species of Florida insects, mostly wasps, that have distinctive dark red markings on a black background. Most of these species have more northern relatives (subspecies or congeners) whose markings are yellow rather than red. This apparent replacement of yellow-marked forms by red-marked forms in Florida has occurred at least 31 times in different lineages. Yellow-marked and red-marked species may be sympatric in Florida. Biogeographic details of the phenomenon are poorly known.

Mark Deyrup and Thomas Eisner "RED AND BLACK COLORATION IN FLORIDA HYMENOPTERA," Southeastern Naturalist 2(4), 511-522, (1 December 2003). https://doi.org/10.1656/1528-7092(2003)002[0511:RABCIF]2.0.CO;2
Published: 1 December 2003
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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