Denheyernaxoides americanus sp.nov. is described and illustrated from lichens and moss associated with bark of Ilex paraguariensis A. St. Hil. (Aquifoliaceae) in yerba-mate agroecosystem at Putinga municipality, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. This is the first species of this genus found in Americas. New records of cunaxids Neobonzia moraesi (Den Heyer & Castro, 2008), Neocunaxoides andrei (Baker & Hoffmann, 1948) and Pulaeus pectinatus (Ewing, 1909) from Rio Grande do Sul State are also provided. A key to world Denheyernaxoides species is included.
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Vol. 21 • No. 5