Two new species of oribatid mites of the family Scheloribatidae (Acari, Oribatida) are described from upper soil and leaf litter in the primary evergreen lowland rainforest of Amazonian Peru. Perscheloribates (Ecuadoribates) olszanowskii sp. nov. differs from P. (Ecuadoribates) pentasacculus Ermilov & Kalúz, 2012 by the presence of long interlamellar setae, rudimentary parts of translamellar line, ten pairs of notogastral setae and four pairs of notogastral saccules. The subgenus Perscheloribates (Ecuadoribates) is recorded in Peru for the first time. Scheloribates (Bischeloribates) wachteli sp. nov. differs from S. (Bischeloribates) bidactylus Hammer, 1961 by the presence of comparatively long notogastral setae c and la and rudimentary parts of translamellar line. Revised subgeneric diagnoses for Perscheloribates (Ecuadoribates) and Scheloribates (Bischeloribates) are given.
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Vol. 21 • No. 6