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31 December 2018 Repositories for mite and tick specimens: acronyms and their nomenclature
Zhi-Qiang Zhang
Author Affiliations +

As biologists, we deposit the specimens we collected and studied in repositories so that they can be preserved for future generations. Most repositories, (e.g. museums, collections or institutions) have acronyms for easier referencing in documents, research papers or on specimen labels. An acronym is a name formed from an abbreviation of the initial components of the name. For example, BMNH stands for the British Museum (Natural History) in London—one of world's oldest and largest repositories. In an ideal world, there should be one unique acronym for each repository; this will facilitate the accurate citation and reference of specimens from these repositories. In the real world, however, institutions change names from time to time and some institutions disappeared for various reasons or merged with others. Sometimes, people created new acronyms for the same institutions when their names changed and this resulted in synonyms of acronyms. For example, British Museum (Natural History) in London is now known as The Natural History Museum, London and some authors used NHM, although most researchers continue to use the widely recognized BMNH even though the name of the museum was changed; likewise mite specimens from the collection of A.C. Oudemans are referred to RMNH—(Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden, The Netherlands), which is now part of the Naturalis Biodiversity Center. Synonyms of acronyms were also created when authors were unaware of existing ones, or they had no rules of nomenclature for acronyms to guide them. In addition to the problems with synonyms, acronyms may also have homonyms: e.g. BM was used by some authors for Bishop Museum (Honolulu, Hawaii, USA) whereas BM is also used by botanists (not zoologists) for British Museum (Natural History) in London. The former is B.P. Bishop Museum (BPBM) in full, which should be used for this museum in Honolulu.

I noted a relatively high incidence of synonyms of acronyms for acarological repositories during recent surveys of taxonomic papers on mites (Liu et al. 2013; Liu & Zhang 2016; Li & Zhang 2016; Lam & Zhang 2016; Liu et al. 2017). Many authors did not use acronyms for acarological repositories. Some authors also inconsistently used acronyms. For example, Silva et al. (2016) did not use acronyms for most repositories, but for the few that they did provide, they sometimes gave different ones for the same collection: e.g. USNM and NMNH for US national mite collection at US National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), Washington, D.C., USA. The main purpose of this paper is to provide a sample list of acronyms for acarological repositories and their synonyms encountered during my survey. I also consulted a few books such as Schicha (1987), Mesa et al. (2009), Hernandes et al. (2011), and Guglielmone et al. (2014). This paper is not intended to provide a complete list of acronyms and their synonyms of repositories for mite and tick specimens. Rather, I aim to highlight recommended rules for formulating acronyms so that unique and correctively formed acronyms are used and possible synonyms can be avoided in the future. I also propose simple rules for choosing among synonyms of acronyms when they are detected in published literature. In addition, I provide examples to make it easy to understand these recommended rules.

Rules and recommendations

  • 1 Systematic & Applied Acarology will require authors to use correctly formed and widely accepted acronyms for repositories, effectively from the first issue of 2019. When papers include primary type specimens, the location of the repository must be mentioned at least once in the paper as required by Art. 16.4.2 of ICZN (1999): “a statement of intent that they will be (or are) deposited in a collection and a statement indicating the name and location of that collection”.

  • 2. If an institution has no previously used acronyms, please formulate one using the initial components of the institution name (omitting definite article “the”, preposition “of”, conjunctions “and” etc), and ensure that the new acronym is unique (in the days of the internet, it is easy to search for previously used acronyms; e.g.  http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/codens/). (A) When the institution has subunits, please use the main institution names rather than its subunits unless the subunit is institutionalized as a repository; e.g. AMU is the correct and preferred acronym for the Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland. Some papers used DATE, which is for Department of Animal Taxonomy and Ecology (Adam Mickiewicz University); however, MCZ (Museum of Comparative Zoology) is an institutionalized unit in Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA) and is widely recognized. (B) When the acronym is short with 3 or fewer letters, you can add the initial of the city or country name, or sometimes both or that of its subunits, which can reduce the chance of homonyms: e.g. SAMA for South Australian Museum, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia (SAM has also been used); GUGC for Guizhou University, Guiyang, China; FACU for Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. Although 4-letter acronyms are widely used and recommended by some (e.g. Watt 1979), it is not a rule that needs to be followed.

  • 3. When there are synonyms of acronyms, (A) use one that is correctively formed and also widely accepted (especially by current researchers of that institution or country): e.g. TSUMZ (Tyumen State University Museum of Zoology, Tyumen, Russia) is preferred over TUMZ (Tyumen State University Museum of Zoology); both were used in papers but the former was in wider uses in recent years by authors from this institution; (B) use one for the institution rather than its subunits; e.g. AMU (not DATE) for the for Department of Animal Taxonomy and Ecology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland.

List of acronyms and their synonyms

This list is not complete and may contain errors. It will be revised in the future based on additional research and comments from colleagues. Please send me your comments or corrections. I especially welcome historical accounts of acarological repositories.

  • ACIAU see SRIAUF

  • ACISTEAcarological Collection, Institute of Science and High Technology and Environmental Sciences, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman, Iran

  • ALCU1Acarology Laboratory, Department of Plant Protection, Çukurova University, Adana, Turkey

  • AFUMI see UMI

  • AHC see UNAM

  • AI see VNUA

  • AINBAcari collections of INBio, Insitituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Santo Domingo, Costa Rica

  • =INBCRInstituto Nacional Biologica of Costa Rica, Santo Domingo de Heredia, Costa Rica.

  • AINP—The collection of All India Network Project of Agricultural Acarology, Bangalore, India AM see AMS

  • AMMSAcademy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, China

  • AMNHAmerican Museum of Natural History, New York City, New York, USA

  • AMNZAuckland Institute and Museum, Auckland, New Zealand AMSA see AMS

  • AMS—Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia.

  • =AMSAAustralian Museum, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia

  • =AMAustralian Museum, Sydney, Australia

  • AMU—Department of Animal Morphology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland.

  • = DATEDepartment of Animal Taxonomy and Ecology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland.

  • ANICAustralian National Insect Collection, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia

  • APASAcarological Laboratory, Department of Plant Protection, Agricultural College, Shahrekord University, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, Iran

  • ARC-PPRIPlant Protection Research Institute-Agricultural Research Center - Fruit Acarology Department, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt

  • ASCR see IPCAS

  • ASCUAgricultural Scientific Collection Unit, Orange Agricultural Institute, Orange, New South Wales, Australia

  • =BCRI2Biological and Chemical Research Institute, Rydalmere, New South Wales, Australia

  • AUET see ZMAU

  • BASU—Collection of Acarology Laboratory, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran.

  • BBM see BPBM

  • BCRI see ASCU

  • BEO—Natural History Museum Belgrade (Narodni muzej u Beogradu), Serbia

  • BITUBiological Institute, Faculty of Education, Tottori University, Tottori, Japan

  • BM see BPBM

  • BMNH—Natural History Museum [former known as British Museum (Natural History)], London, England, UK=NHMNatural History Museum, London, UK

  • BMSA see NMBS

  • BPBMB.P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

  • =BM—B.P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

  • =BBMB.P Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

  • BUZM—Acarological collection of the Zoology Museum, Bozok University, Yozgat, Turkey

  • CALBSCollection of the Acarology Laboratory, University of Bu Ali Sina, Hamedan, Iran CAS see CASC

  • CASCCalifornia Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, USA

  • =CASCalifornia Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, USA

  • =SMScience Museum, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, USA

  • CBGP—Collection of the Centre de Biologie et de Gestion des Populations, Montferrier-sur-Lez, France

  • CMChilean Museum (Museo de Historia Natural, section of entomology), Santiago, Chile

  • CBZMCelal Bay ar University, Zoological Museum, Manisa, Turkey

  • CDPVColección Departamento de Parasitología Veterinaria, Salto, Uruguay

  • =DPVURUDepartmento de Parasitología Veterinaria, Uruguay

  • CEA-MHNSColección de la Estación Experimental Agronomica, Universidad de Chile; Museo de Historia Natural Santiago, Chile

  • CEUFLAColeção Entomológica da Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras - MG, Brazil

  • CFCVColección Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Esperanza, Argentina =FAVE—Facultad de Veterinaria, Esperanza, Argentina

  • CFMVZColeção da Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (also known as “Coleçeo Nacional de Carapatos”), São Paulo, Brazil

  • CGEN—mite collection at Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (former also known as “Cenargen”), Brasilia, Federal District, Brazil

  • =DFIB—Collection of Laboratório de Quarentena Vegetal, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia, Brasilia, Distrito Federal and of Instituto Biológico, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

  • CI.—Cawthom Institute, Nelson, New Zealand

  • CMC see CMNZ

  • CMNHCarnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Pennsilvania, U.S.A.

  • CMNZCanterbury Museum, Rolleston Ave, Christchurch, New Zealand

  • = CMCCanterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand

  • CMNSMuseum of Natural History, Shanghai, China (Mesa et al. 2009)

  • CNAC see UNAM

  • CNC see CNCI

  • CNCICanadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

  • = CNCCanadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

  • CNCP3Canadian National Collection of Phytoseiidae, University of Toronto, Canada

  • CNHM see FMNH

  • CORBIDICentro de Ornitología y Biodiversidad in Lima, Peru

  • CUBS—Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.

  • CUE—Collection of Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Egypt (Mesa et al 2009).

  • CUI—The Division of Acarology of the Department of Zoology, Calicut University, India.

  • CUICCornell University Insect Collection, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A.

  • =DECUDepartment of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.

  • CUMN—Acari collection of the Chulalongkom University Museum of Natural History, Bangkok, Thailand.

  • CZIICTCentro de Zoología do Instituto de Investigãçao Científica Tropical, Lisbon, Portugal

  • DA see DZUC

  • DATE see AMU

  • DB see KAU

  • DEES see USPB

  • DEKU see KUB

  • DEP see EMEC

  • DEUP see UPLB

  • DFIB see CGEN

  • DiBCA-EZUB see UBI

  • DPFVDepartamento de Parasitología, Facultad de Veterinaria, Zaragoza, Spain

  • DPZ see SIUG

  • DSIR see NZAC

  • DZPU see PAU

  • DZSJRP see UEP

  • DVCSDepartment of Veterinary and Capture Services, Kenya Wildlife Service, Nairobi, Kenya

  • DZUCDepartment of Zoology, University of Calicut, Kerala, India

  • =DADivision of Acarology, Department of Zoology, University of Calicut, Kerala, India

  • EAVROEast African Veterinary Research Organization, Kikuyu, Kenya

  • EDPCQ—Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control of Qinghai province, China.

  • EMBT—Department of Agriculture, Entomology & Zoology Division, Chatuchak, Bangkok, Thailand.

  • EMECEssig Museum of Entomology, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA.

  • =DEP—Division of Entomology and Parasitology, University of California, Berkeley, USA4

  • EMVEscuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Santiago, Chile

  • ENVÉcole Nationale Vétérinaire, Toulouse, France

  • EPCL see SUC

  • ERGB—Collection of Laboratório de Quarentena Vegetal, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia, Brasilia, DF, Brazil.

  • ESALQ/USP see USPB

  • EUE—Acarology Laboratory of Erzincan University, Erzincan, Turkey

  • EUKT—Acarological Collection of the Zoological Museum, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.

  • FAAS—Institute of Plant Protection Collection, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fuzhou, P. R. China.

  • FACUFaculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt FCM see FMNH

  • FCPTFundación Conjunto Paleontológico de Teruel-Dinopolis, Spain.

  • FEFUFar Eastern Federal University. Zoological Museum, Vladivostok, Russia

  • =FESUFar East State University, Vladivostok, Russia

  • FF see UCM

  • FFSDUFundamental Science Laboratory collection, Faculty of Fisheries, Süleyman Demirel University, Egirdir/Isparta, Turkey

  • FESU see FEFU

  • FM see FMNH

  • FMNHField Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

  • =FM—The Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

  • =CNHMChicago Natural History Museum, Chicago, USA

  • =FCMField Columbia Museum, Chicago, USA

  • GMLGorgas Memorial Laboratory (=Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas), Panama City, Panama

  • FMSFukui Medical School, Laboratory of Ohara General Hospital, Omachi, Fukushima, Japan

  • FRNZ—Scion, officially registered as New Zealand Forest Research Institute (formerly Forest Research Institute), Rotoma, New Zealand

  • FSCAFlorida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, Florida, USA

  • FUE see FUET

  • FUET—Research collection of the Biology Department, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey

  • FUE—Research collection of the Biology Department, Firat University, Elazi???, Turkey

  • GM see MSNG

  • GMNHGeorgia Museum of Natural History, Natural History Building, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA

  • GNHM—Collection of the Goulandris Natural History Museum, Kiphissia, Athens, Greece

  • GUGC—Institute of Entomology, Guizhou University, Guiyang, China

  • GUGX—Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomic Region, China

  • HCOE see OUMNH

  • HHHarry Hoogstraat Collection, United States Naval Medical Research Unit N° 3, Cairo, Egypt

  • HNHM—Soil Zoology Collection of Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary

  • HUB see ZMB

  • HUHC—Museum of Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei Province, China

  • IAHVSInstitute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Yang-xi County, Hubei Province, China

  • IARI—National Pusa Collection, Division of Entomology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India

  • =INPCIndian Agricultural Research Institute, National Pusa Collection (NPC), New Delhi, India

  • IBACInstituto de Biología, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, Havana, Cuba

  • IBIW—Research collection of the Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Borok, Russia.

  • IBSPInstituto Butantã, São Paulo, Brazil

  • IBSS—Research collection of the Institute of Biology and Soil Science, Vladivostok, Russia IBUInstituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil

  • ICAInstitute of Comparative Anatomy, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy

  • ICIPE—The International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, Kenya.

  • IEBR VAST—Department of Zoology Museum of the Institute for Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam

  • IEMVPTInstitut d' Élevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Tananarive, Madagascar

  • IGHTCIvan G. Horak Tick Collection, Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa

  • IM see ZSI

  • IMRInstitute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

  • =IMRKLInstitute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia INBCR see AINB

  • INPAInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, Brazil

  • INPC see IARI

  • INTAInstituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Rafaela, Argentina

  • IOCInstituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • IOZ see IZAS

  • IPASCR see IPCAS

  • IPCAS—Institute of Parasitology, Czech (formerly Czechoslovak) Academy of Sciences, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

  • =IPASCRInstitute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

  • =ASCR—Institute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

  • =IPCRInstitute of Parasitology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

  • IPCR see IPCAS

  • IPGInstitut Pasteur, Guyane et du Territoire de l'Inini, Cayenne, French Guiana

  • IPHCMCInstitut Pasteur, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

  • IPPInstitut Pasteur, Paris, France

  • IPTInstitut Pasteur, Tananarive, Madagascar

  • IRSNBInstitut Royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium

  • = RBNS—Collection of the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium.

  • ISEA—Zoological Museum of Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Novosibirsk, Russia

  • ISETInstituto de Salubridad y Enfermedades Tropicales, México D.F., Mexico

  • ISMInstitut Scientifique de Madagascar, Tananarive, Madagascar

  • ISZAIstituto Sperimentale per la Zoologia Agraria di Firenza, Italy

  • ITSInstitut Tropical Suisse, Bâle, Switzerland

  • IZASInstitute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China

  • =NZMCNational Zoological Museum of China, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

  • =IOZ—Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

  • IZGInstitute of Zoology of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia

  • IZNASUInstitute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine

  • IZSASInstitute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak.

  • IZUWInstitut für Zoologie der Universität Wien, Wien, Austria

  • JAZMJalal Afshar Zoological Museum, College of Agriculture, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

  • = UTKI—Acarological Collection, Zoological Museum, College of Agriculture, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

  • KAUKing Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

  • =DB5Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, King Abdel Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

  • KSMA see KSU

  • KSUKing Saud University, Saudi Arabia

  • = KSMAKing Saud Museum of Arthropods, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

  • KUB—Insect museum of Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

  • =DEKUDepartment of Entomology, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

  • KUZ— Collection of the Kyoto University Museum, Kyoto, Japan

  • LA-CEIBLaboratorio de Acarologia, Centro Experimental do Instituto Biológico, Campinas-SP, Brazil.

  • LACM—Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (formerly “Los Angeles County Museum”), Los Angeles, California, USA

  • LAZUA—The Acari collection of Laboratory of Agricultural Zoology and Entomology, Agricultural University of Athens, Greece.

  • LCCVLaboratorio Central de Cuarentena Vegetal de Cuba, Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba.

  • LEMQ—McGill University, Lyman Entomological Museum, Quebec, Canada

  • LFELaboratoire Federal de l'Élevage, Dakar, Senegal

  • LMNH see RMNH

  • LPLaboratorio de Parasitología, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Maracay, Venezuela

  • LPFMRLaboratoire de Parasitologie, Faculté de Médecine de Rennes, Rennes, France

  • LSHTMLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England

  • LSUMZLouisiana State University Museum of Zoology, Louisiana, USA.

  • LUNZLincoln University, Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand

  • =LCNZLincoln College, Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand

  • MAEU— Faculty of Science and Arts, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur, Turkey

  • MCN see ZAUMCN or MCNBR

  • MCNBMuseo de Ciencias Naturales, Barcelona, Spain

  • MCNBRMuseo de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia, Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • =MCNMuseo de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia, Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • MCSN see MSNG

  • MCZMuseum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

  • =MCZCMuseum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

  • MGAB—Acarological Collection of the “Grigore Antipa” National Museum of Natural History (Muzeul Naţional de Istorie Naturală ”Grigore Antipa”), Bucharest, Romania

  • MGS see MHNG

  • MHN—“Museo de Historia Natural”, Lima, Peru.

  • MHNCIMuseu de Historia Natural Capão da Imbuia, Curitiba, Brazil

  • MHNGMuséum d'histoire naturelle, Genève, Switzerland

  • =NHMGNatural History Museum of Geneva, Switzerland

  • = MGSMuséum d'histoire naturelle, Genève, Switzerland

  • NHMG see MHNG

  • MHNLSMuseo de Historia Natural La Salle, Caracas, Venezuela

  • MHNMMuseu de Historia Natural, Maputo, Mozambique

  • MHO see OUMNH

  • MMPMuseum of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro.

  • MNCNMuseo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain.

  • MNHNMuséum National d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, France.

  • MNHPMuseum of the Natural History of Podgorica, Montenegro.

  • MNHWUMuseum of Natural History, Wrocław University, Wrocław, Poland.

  • MNRJ—Arachnological Collection of the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro (Museu Nacional Rio de Janeiro), Brazil

  • NMNZNational Museum of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand

  • =MNZTMuseum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington, New Zealand

  • =MNZMuseum of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand

  • MNZ see NMNZ

  • MNZT see NMNZ

  • MPAS see PEM

  • MRACMusée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium

  • =MRCBMusée Royal du Congo Belge, Tervuren, Belgium

  • MRCB see MRAC

  • MRSNMusei Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Turin, Italy

  • MSNGMuseo Civico di Storia Naturale “Giacomo Doria”, Genova, Italy

  • = GMMuseo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova Giacomo Doria, Genova, Italy

  • =MCSNMuseo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genova, Italy

  • MSNM—Milan Natural History Museum (Museo di Storia Naturale di Milano), Milan, Italy

  • MUSM—collection of the Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru

  • MVMA see NMVA

  • MZB see MZBB

  • MZBBMuseum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Bogor, Indonesia.

  • =MZBMuseum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Bogor, Indonesia

  • MZD see NUSM

  • MZLQ see USPB

  • MZNHMuseum of Zoology and Natural History La Specola, Florence, Italy

  • MZSP see USPB

  • MZUCMuseo de Zoología Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Bío Bío Region, Chile

  • MZUNAVMuseo de Zoología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Navarra, Spain.

  • NBG—Collection of the Nikita Botanical Gardens–National Scientific Center, Yalta, Crimea, Ukraine.

  • NCA see NCA-PPRI

  • NCA-PPRINational Collection of Arachnida, Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa.

  • =NCANational Collection of Arachnida, Pretoria, South Africa

  • NFCSO—Department of Pest Management Development and Coordination, Directorate of Plant Protection, Soil Conservation and Agri-environment, National Food Chain Safety Office, Budapest, Hungary

  • NHMBNaturhistorisches Museum Basel, Sweden

  • NHMGNatural History Museum of Geneva, Switzerland

  • NHM see BMNH

  • NHMWNaturhistorisches Museum Wien, Austria

  • = NMWNaturhistorisches Museum, Wien, Austria

  • NHRSNaturhistoriska Riksmuseet Stockholm, Sweden.

  • =NRSNaturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden

  • =NRSNaturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden

  • NIAHNational Institute of Animal Health, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan

  • NIBRNational Institute of Biological Resources, South Korea

  • NIGANortheast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, China

  • NIOGI—Museum of Biological Oceanography Division, National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, India.

  • NJAU—Arthropod/Mite Collection of the Department of Entomology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China.

  • NM see NMVA

  • NMB see NMBS

  • NMBS—Acarology collection of the National Museum, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

  • =NMB—Acarology collection of the National Museum, Bloemfontein, South Africa

  • =BMSA—National Museum in Bloemfontein, South Africa

  • NMNSNational Museum of Natural Science, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China.

  • NMPCNational Museum of Prague, Czech Republic

  • =NMP—Arachnological collection of National Museum of Prague, Czech Republic

  • NMP see NMPC

  • NMSNational Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland

  • = ECEvans Collection in Edinburgh Museum, Scotland

  • NMV see NMVA

  • NMVA—Museum Victoria (formerly National Museum of Victoria), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

  • = NMVMuseum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia

  • =NMNational Museum, Melbourne, Australia

  • =MVMA—Department of Entomology, Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia.

  • NMW see NHMW

  • NMPC—Arachnological collection of National Museum, Prague, Czech Republic

  • NRS see NHRS

  • NRSS see NHRS

  • NSCYNational Scientific Center, Yalta, Ukraine.

  • NSM see NSMT

  • NSMT—Collection of the National Museum of Nature and Science (former National Science Museum), Tokyo, Japan.

  • =NSMNational Science Museum, Natural History Institute, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan

  • NTMDNorthern Territory Museum (now Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory), Darwin, Australia

  • = MAGNTMuseum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin, Australia

  • = NTMNorthern Territory Museum (now Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory), Darwin, Australia

  • NU see UNSM

  • NUSM—Medical Zoology Department, Niigata University, School of Medicine, Niigata, Japan

  • =MZDMedical Zoology Department, Niigata University School of Medicine, Niigata, Japan

  • NUMU—Department of Zoology, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

  • NZACNew Zealand Arthropod Collection, Landcare Research, Auckland, New Zealand

  • =DSIRDepartment of Scientific and Industrial Research, Auckland, New Zealand NZMC see IZAS

  • ORSTOMOffice de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer, Paris, France

  • OMBÜbersee-Museum Bremen, Bremen, Germany

  • OMNZ—Otago Museum, Dunedin, New Zealand

  • OSALOhio State University Acarology Collection, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

  • =OSU6—Museum of Biological Diversity, the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA

  • OSUOregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

  • OVIOnderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa

  • OUMNHOxford University Museum of Natural History, Oxford, UK

  • =MHOHope Museum, Oxford, England

  • = HCOEHope Entomological Collections, University Museum, Oxford, England

  • PAU—The Acarology Laboratory of Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey

  • = DZPUDepartment of Zoology of Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey

  • PAUP—Collection of the Department of Zoology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

  • PEMPeabody Essex Museum7, Salem, Massachusetts, USA

  • =MPASMuseum of the Peabody Academy of Science, Salem, Massachusetts, USA

  • PEU see UEP

  • PFCPacific Forestry Centre (formerly known as Forest Research Laboratory), Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

  • PHELPlant Health and Environment Laboratory, Ministry for Primary Industries, Auckland, New Zealand

  • PNM—The National Museum of the Philippines (Philippine National Museum), Manila, The Philippines

  • PPRP—ARC-Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria, South Africa.

  • =SANCNational Collection of Acari, Plant Protection Research Institute, Department of Agricultural Technical Services, Pretoria, South Africa (Mesa et al. 2009)

  • PRULPest Research Unit Laboratory, National Council for Scientific Research, Chilanga, Lusaka, Zambia

  • QDPIQueensland Department of Primary Industries Insect Collection, Indooroopilly, Queensland, Australia

  • QIMRQueensland Institute of Medical Research (now known as QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute or in short form QIMR Berghofer), Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

  • QMQueensland Museum, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

  • =QMBAQueensland Museum, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

  • QMBA see QM

  • RBNS see IRSNB

  • PMAE—Royal Alberta Museum (formerly Provincial Museum of Alberta), Invertebrate Zoology, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

  • RMNH—Naturalis Biodiversity Center (formerly “National Museum of Natural History=Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie”), Leiden, The Netherlands.

  • =LMNH—Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden, The Netherlands

  • RIH—The collection of the Department of Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Protection at the Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland.

  • SAIMRSouth African Institute for Medical Research (now as National Institute for Communicable Diseases), Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa

  • SAM see SAMA

  • SAMASouth Australian Museum, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

  • =SAMSouth Australian Museum, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

  • SANC see PPRP

  • SBUC see SBUK

  • SBUK—the Collection of the Acarology Laboratory, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

  • =SBUC—Collection of the Acarology Laboratory, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

  • SEATO—SEATO8 Medical Research Laboratory, Bangkok, Thailand

  • SEMC—Division of Entomology, University of Kansas Natural History Museum, Lawrence, Kansas, USA (former Snow Entomological Museum)

  • SFCST—Service de Faunistique du Centre Scientifique et Technique, Bondy, France

  • SGGW see WULS

  • SHZU—Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Shihezi University, Shihezi, Xinjiang, China

  • SIUSouthern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois, U.S.A.

  • SIUG—Department of Parasitology and Zoology, Szent István University, Gödöll???, Hungary

  • =DPZDepartment of Parasitology and Zoology, Szent István University, Gödöll???, Hungary

  • SIZK—the collection of the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS, Kiev, Ukraine

  • SMFSenckenberg-Museum Frankfurt (=Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt, = Senckenberg Institution Frankfurt), Germany

  • SMNG—Acarological Collection of Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Görlitz, Germany.

  • SNMBSlovak National Museum, Bratislava, Slovakia

  • SPSU—Collection of the Laboratory of Phytoacarology, Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Biological and Soil Sciences Faculty, Saint Petersburg State University, Russia)

  • SRIAUF—Acarological Collection, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Fars, Iran

  • =ACIAUAcarology Collection, Islamic Azad University, Fars Science and Research Branch, Marvdasht, Iran.

  • SUC—Institute of Entomology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China

  • = EPCLChongqing Key Laboratory of Entomology and Pest Control Engineering, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

  • SUI—Department of Plant Protection, Shiraz University, Iran

  • TIUC see TNU

  • TM see TMAG

  • TMAGTasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart, Australia

  • =TMTasmania Museum, Hobart, Australia

  • TMU—Acarological Collection, Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

  • TNAU—Department of Agricultural Entomology Collection, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India

  • TNU—Taiwan National University, Taipei, Taiwan.

  • =TIUCTaihoku Imperial University Collections, Taipei, Taiwan

  • TTUTexas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA

  • TSUMZTyumen State University Museum of Zoology, Tyumen, Russia

  • = TUMZTyumen State University Museum of Zoology, Tyumen, Russia

  • TUPH9—Acarology Research Section of Plant Pests & Diseases Research Institute, Iran

  • UASMUniversity of Alberta Strickland Museum, Edmonton, Canada.

  • UAC—The collection of the University of Ankara, Plant protection Department, Ankara, Turkey

  • UADBA—Université d' Antananarivo, Départaient de Biologie Animale, Antananarivo, Madagascar

  • UAT—Department of Plant Protection, Agricultural Faculty, University of Ankara, Turkey

  • UBI—Dipartimento di Biologia e Chimica Agro-forestale e Ambientale (DiBCA), Entomological and Zoological Section, University of Bari, Italy

  • =DiBCA-EZUBDipartimento di Biologia e Chimica Agro-forestale e Ambientale (DiBCA), Entomological and Zoological Section, University of Bari, Italy

  • UBS—Acarology collection, Department of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

  • UCLUniversité Catholique de Louvain, Louvain, Belgium

  • UCMUniversidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

  • =FFFacultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

  • UEP—Zoologia e Botânica, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), São José do Rio Preto, State of São Paulo, Brazil.

  • =UNESP—Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, São José do Rio Preto, State of São Paulo, Brazil

  • =PEU—Acari Collection of Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), campus de São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil

  • =DZSJRP—Acari Collection of Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), campus de São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil

  • UESC—the Acarological collection of Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil

  • UFALUniversidade Federal de Alagoas, Campus Arapiraca, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil

  • UFMGUniversidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

  • =UFMG-AC—Acarological collection of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Pampulha, Belo Horizonte - MG, Brazil

  • UFMG-AC see UFMG

  • UFRP—Collection of the Laboratório de Acarologia, Departamento de Agronomia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.

  • UGAUniversity of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, U.S.A.

  • UGDIZPUniversity of Gdansk, Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology, Gdansk, Poland

  • UGMCUniversity of Guilan Mite Collection, Rasht, Gilan Province, Iran

  • UKK—Biosystematics Research Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741235, West Bengal, India.

  • UMUniversity of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA

  • UMAC see UMI

  • UMI—Collection of the Acarology Laboratory, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran.

  • =AFUMIAcarological Collection, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran.

  • =UMACAcarological Collection, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran.

  • UMMZUniversity of Michigan, Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

  • UMSP—University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

  • =DEEZ—Division of Entomology and Economic Zoology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, USA

  • UMR CBGP—the mite collection of Montpellier SupAgro—INRA Acarology collection, Montpellier, France

  • UNESP see UEP

  • UNSMUniversity of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A.

  • =NUUniversity of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A.

  • UNAM—Acarology Collection of the Universidad Autónoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

  • = CNACColección Nacional de Ácaros del Instituto de Biología, Mexico City, Mexico

  • =AHCAnita Hoffmann Collection, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico

  • UNIPA—Acari collection of the Laboratory of Applied Acarology “Eliahu Swirski, Department of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy

  • UPLB—Entomological Museum, Museum of Natural History, University of the Philippines Los Baños, the Philippines

  • = DEUPDepartment of Entomology, University of Philippines, Los Baños, the Philippines

  • UQRooUniversidad de Quintana Roo, Chetumal, Quintana Roo, Mexico

  • USNMUnited States National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C, USA.

  • =NMNHNational Museum of Natural History at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C, USA.

  • =SNMNH—Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA.

  • USNTC10U.S. National Tick Collection, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, George, USA.

  • USNPCUnited States National Parasite Collection, Beltsville, Maryland, USA

  • USPB—“Museu de Zoologia Luiz de Queiroz” at the Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, Universidade de São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

  • =MZLQ—“Museu de Zoologia Luiz de Queiroz”, Mite Reference Collection, Department of Entomology and Acarology, Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, Brazil.

  • =ESALQ/USP—Collection of Departamento de Entomologia e Acarologia, ESALQ – Universidade de São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil

  • =DEES11—Reference Collection of Departamento de Enotmologia, Fitopatologia e Zoologia Agricola, Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil

  • UTI—Acarological Collection, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

  • UTKI see JAZM

  • UUZM— Uppsala University, Museum of Evolution, Zoology section (known as “Uppsala University Zoological Museum” before 1999), Uppsala, Sweden

  • =ZMUMuseum of Evolution, Uppsala, Sweden

  • =LCLinnaeus Collection, Uppsala, Sweden

  • UWMO—Collection of the Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland

  • VLM—Veterinary Laboratory (Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane), Maputo, Mozambique.

  • VMDFAVeterinary Medicine Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

  • VNUAVietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi, Vietnam

  • =AIAgriculture Institute N 1, Hanoi, Vietnam

  • VRCVirus Research Centre, Poona, India

  • VRLHVeterinary Research Laboratory, Harare, Zimbabwe

  • VRLKKVeterinary Laboratory Research, Kabete, Kenya

  • WAMWestern Australian Museum, Perth, Australia.

  • WINCWaite Insect and Nematode Collection12, Entomology Unit, South Australian Research and Development Institute, Adelaide (EUSARDI), South Australia, Australia (Mesa et al 2009).

  • WULS—the collection of the Department of Applied Entomology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

  • = SGGWSzkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego w Warszawie, Poland

  • YIAZYazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran

  • YSUYoungstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio, U.S.A.

  • WUMWorclaw University Museum of Natural History, Worclaw, Poland

  • ZAUMCN—Museu de Ciências Naturais, UNIVATES—Centro Universitário, Lajeado, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

  • = MCN—the mite reference collection (CAS) of the Museu de Ciências Naturais, UNIVATES Centro Universitário, Lajeado, the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

  • ZIAC see ZISP

  • ZIRAS see ZISP

  • ZISPZoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

  • =ZIRAS—Collection of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.

  • =ZIACZoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia

  • ZIZMUH—Biozentrum Grindel und Zoologisches Museum (formerly: Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum der Universität Hamburg), Hamburg, Germany.

  • ZMA see ZMAN

  • ZMANZoological Museum in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

  • =ZMAZoological Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

  • ZMAUZoological Museum of Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey

  • =AUET—Zoological Museum of Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey

  • ZMBZoologischen Museums Berlin (now known as “Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin”), Berlin, Germany

  • =HUB—Museum of Natural History, Department of Arachnids, Myriapods and Stemgroup Arthropoda, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany

  • =ZMHUZoologische Museum, Humboldt Universitat, Berlin, Germany

  • ZMBN—the University Museum of Bergen, Norway

  • ZMMZoologischen Museum München, München, Germany

  • ZMUMZoological Museum, University of Moscow, Moscow, Russia

  • =ZMMOZoological Museum of Moscow University, Moscow, Russia

  • ZMHZoological Museum in Hamburg (now Zoological Museum, Center of Natural History, University of Hamburg), Germany.

  • ZSHZoologischen Staatsmuseum Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

  • ZMJUZoological Museum of the Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland

  • ZMMO see ZMUM

  • ZMTZoological Museum of Turku University, Turku, Finland

  • ZMUC—the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

  • ZMUO—The collections of the Museum of Zoology, I.I. Mechnikov Odessa National University, Odessa, Ukraine

  • ZSIZoological Survey of India, Calcutta, India =IMIndian Museum, Calcutta, India

  • ZSH see ZMH

  • ZSMZoologische Staatssamlung Munich, Germany.

Acknowledgements

I thank Dr A. A. Guglielmone for sending me a chapter on tick collections in his book “The Hard Ticks of the World (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae)”.

References

1.

Guglielmone, A.A., Robbins, R.G., Apanaskevich, D.A., Petney, T.N., Estrada-Peña, A. & Horak, I.G. ( 2014) The Hard Ticks of the World (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae). Springer, xiii + 738 pp Google Scholar

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Hemandes, F.A, Jeremy C. Huff, J.C. & Oconnor, B.M. ( 2011) Catalog of the Acari types deposited in the American Museum of Natural History, New York (Arthropoda: Arachnida). Zootaxa , 2936, 1–50. Google Scholar

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ICZN (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature) (1999) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Fourth edition. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, i–xxix + 1–306. Google Scholar

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Lam, W. & Zhang, Z.-Q. ( 2016) Hotspots of mite new species discovery: Parasitiformes (2013–2015). Systematic & Applied Acarology , 21(12), 1693–1709.  http://doi.org/10.11158/saa.21.12.10 Google Scholar

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Li, G.-Y. & Zhang, Z.-Q. ( 2016) Hotspots of mite new species discovery: Sarcoptiformes (2013–2015). Zootaxa 4208(2), 101–126.  http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4208.2.1 Google Scholar

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Liu, D., Yi, T.-C., Xu, Y. & Zhang, Z.-Q. ( 2013) Hotspots of new species discovery: new mite species described during 2007 to 2012. Zootaxa , 3663, 1–102.  https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3663.1.1 Google Scholar

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Liu, J.-F., Wei, X.-Y, Li, G.-Y. & Zhang, Z.-Q. ( 2017) Where are primary type specimens of new mite species deposited?. Zootaxa , 4363(1), 1–54.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4363.1.1 Google Scholar

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Liu, J.-F. & Zhang, Z.-Q. ( 2016) Hotspots of mite new species discovery: Trombidiformes (2013–2015). Zootaxa , 4208(1), 1–45.  http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4208.1.1 Google Scholar

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Mesa, N.C., Ochoa, R., Welboum, W.C., Evans, G.A. & de Moraes, G.J. ( 2009) A catalog of the Tenuipalpidae (Acari) of the World with a key to genera. Zootaxa , 2098, 1–185. Google Scholar

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Schicha, E. ( 1987) Phytoseiidae of Australia and neighboring areas. Indira Publishing House, West Bloomfield, Michigan, USA, 187 pp. Google Scholar

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Silva, G.L., Metzelthin, M.H., Silva, O.S. & Ferla, N.J. ( 2016) Catalogue of the mite family Tydeidae (Acari: Prostigmata) with the world key to the species. Zootaxa , 4135 (1), 1–68.  http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4135.1.1 Google Scholar

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Watt, J.C. ( 1979) Abbreviations for entomological collections. New Zealand Journal of Zoology , 6, 519–520.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.1979.10428395 Google Scholar

Notes

[1] 1. Mis-printed as AFCU in Liu et al. (2017).

[2] 2. This institute started in 1970 and ended in 1992.

[3] 3. This collection is now part of CNCICanadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

[4] 4. Used by Guglielmone et al. (2014).

[5] 5. Used by Guglielmone et al. (2014)

[6] 6. Homonym of OSUOregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

[7] 7. Known as The Peabody Museum of Salem (1915–1992) and Peabody Academy of Science (1865–1915), which was a successor to the East India Marine Society (founded in 1799).

[8] 8. South-East Asia Treat Organization

[9] 9. Used by Mesa et al. (2009). It is not clear to me how this acronym was formed. It is possibly based on a previous name of the same organization.

[10] 10. Incorrectly as USNMENT in Liu et al. (2017).

[11] 11. Used by Mesa et al. (2009)

[12] 12. The merger of Adelaide University's Duncan Swan Insect Collection (WARI), the Waite Institute Nematode Collection (WINC), and the South Australian Research and Development Institute (SARDI) insect collection.

© Systematic & Applied Acarology Society
Zhi-Qiang Zhang "Repositories for mite and tick specimens: acronyms and their nomenclature," Systematic and Applied Acarology 23(12), 2432-2446, (31 December 2018). https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.23.12.12
Received: 24 December 2018; Accepted: 25 December 2018; Published: 31 December 2018
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